When To Use Past Participle? 7 Simple Facts You Should Know


We will be reading here “When To Use Past Participle?” with 7 Simple Facts. We will go to the point of the topic and definitely attain the high level of understanding.

Past participle is a verb ending with –ed/ -en that indicates that the action was started in the past and also completed in the past.

Formation of Past Participle Words

We can form Past Participle by adding +—ed/en suffix with verb. Let’s see how to form Past Participle here.

Verb (To infinitive)+—ed/en SuffixPast Participle
PlayPlay +—edPlayed
CompleteComplete +—edCompleted
SinkSink +—enSunk/Sunken
WriteWrite +—enWritten
ExciteExcite +—edExcited
VisitVisit +—edVisited
UseUse +—edUsed
StealSteal +—enStolen
TryTry +—enTried
FallFall +—enFallen
Formation of Past Participle

When to use Past Participle in a sentence?

Past participle is being used in the perfect tenses, phrases, and general formation of adjective by adding an —ed/en suffix to describe a noun in the sentences.

When to use Past Participle vs Past Tense?

In past perfect tense we can see the usages of past participle vs past tense vise-versa.

  • Examples-
  • My father had returned before i came from the school at 4.30 P.M.
  • Aritra went out after my sister had read since morning in her study room.
  • Here both past participle and past tense are used in the same sentence to perform the action of the subject in the two clauses.

How to use Past Participle?

Past participle is a word that is formed by adding an —ed/en suffix with a normal verb.

  • Examples-
  • My computer is detached functioning. It doesn’t work.
  • Was the girl not really interested in my presentation?
  • He was bored, waiting for the bus.

Where to use Past Participle?

Past participle is generally used in the perfect tenses, past participle phrases, and before the noun to qualify the noun as an adjective in the sentence.

Why to use Past Participle?

  • To create Perfect Tenses
  • To create Past Participle Phrases
  • To create ordinary adjective

When to use Past Participle without verb?

A past participle comes without an auxiliary verb and generally works as an adjective in the sentence when it is being used before the noun.

  • Examples-
  • The man went in a broken heart.
  • Aguero is a talented footballer.

When to use Past Participle with irregular verbs?

Sometimes past participle is used with irregular verb. Here some examples below.

  • Raju had brought a box of pens from the market since last two months.
  • The man has been to Puri.
  • The boy had fallen from the bicycle.

Here we see past participle – brought, been, and fallen which are used in their irregular forms in the sentences.

Examples of Past Participle

Explanations –

1. The engineer has designed it to house her collection.

Designed is used here as past participle in the present perfect.

2. The man has collected some paintings from the exhibition at Kolkata.

Collected is used here as past participle in the present perfect.

3. The businessman has contributed in the PM’s relief found.

Contributed is hereused as past participle in the present perfect.

4. The poet has published a series of poems.

Published is used as past participle in the present perfect.

5. Tanima had visited the village since she was at age 5.

Visited is used as past participle in the past perfect.

6. Rahul,s parents had used the house for last ten years.

Used is placed here as past participle in the past perfect.

7. Kabita will have read the novel ” Emma by Jane Austen” for a month.

Read is used here as past participle in the future perfect.

8. The student will have played the Harmonium for three days per week.

Played is used here as past participle in the future perfect.

9. The girl will have reached the place in time.

Reached is used here as past participle in the future perfect.

10. The man had appeared there before the lady came into the party.

Appeared is used as past participle in the past perfect and came is used in the past indefinite.

11. My computer is detached functioning. It doesn’t work.

Detached is used as past participle and works as an adjective in this sentence.

12. Was the girl not really interested in my presentation?

Interested is used as past participle and works as an adjective in this sentence.

13. He was bored, waiting for the bus.

Bored is used as past participle and works as an adjective in this sentence.

14. The boys are excited about the match.

Excited is used as past participle and works as an adjective in this sentence.

15. Young engineers are motivated to work had.

Motivated is used as past participle and works as an adjective in this sentence.

16. They were very surprised to hear the good news.

Surprised is used as past participle and acts as an adjective in this sentence.

17. The student was tired after the schooling.

Tired is used as past participle and works as an adjective in this sentence.

18. Documents are submitted to the office in time.

Submitted is used as past participle and acts as an adjective in this sentence.

19. We have dropped a written letter to the BDO office.

Dropped is used as past participlein present perfect.

20. The students enjoyed the film, shown in the auditorium hall.

Shown is used as past participle phrase in this sentence.

Examples of past participle are explained here in brief that would be going more easy to understand the basic usages of them.

Uses of Past participle

  • Tense-
    • Present Perfect Tense
      • Examples-
      • The man has inspired by the speech of a teacher.
      • The boys have completed a project in their school.
      • Here the action was started in the past but it completed in the present.
    • Past Perfect Tense
      • Examples-
      • I had been here for the last six months in that town.
      • The children had made some drawings in the class room.
      • Here the action was started in the past and also completed in the past.
    • Future Perfect Tense
      • Examples-
      • He will have performed in the dance competition.
      •  The teacher will have attended the special classes.
      • Here the action is started in the past and it will be completed in the future.
    • Past Participle Phrase-
      • Examples-
      • Motivated by his parents, the boy decided to join the classes again.
      • Finished the task, the boy went to eat the dinner.
      • Here the past participle is used in past participle phrases.
    • Verbal Adjective-
      • Examples-
      • The man went in a broken heart.
      • Aguero is a talented footballer.
      • Broken and talented past participle form of verbs which are used as an adjective here.

Conclusion

Past participle generally used in perfect tenses, phrases and as participle adjective (or verbal adjective) in the sentences. It is working as adjective in the sentences, with phrases, and Perfect tenses.

Bhabesh Sing

Hi! I am Bhabesh Sing. I have completed M.A in English(IGNOU) and M.A in Vocal Music ( RBU Kolkata) with B.Ed(WBUTTEPA). I am a creative writer. Currently I am a part of the Lambda Geeks.

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