When Does Cell Division Occur? 7 Facts (When, Where & How)

Cell division is usually part of a wider cell cycle in which the cell first develops and duplicates its chromosome(s) before dividing.

Cell division occurs during the Mitotic (M) phase. The cell divides its copy DNA and cytoplasm to form two new cells during the mitotic (M) phase. Mitosis and cytokinesis are two different division-related mechanisms that occur during M phase.

There are two types of cell division in eukaryotes: vegetative division (mitosis), which produces daughter cells that are genetically identical to the parent cell, and meiosis, which produces haploid gametes by reducing the number of chromosomes from two of each type in the diploid parent cell to one of each type in the daughter cells.

Where does cell division occur?

In eukaryotic cells, mitosis is the mechanism by which a parent cell divides to generate two comparable daughter cells.

Cell division occurs in every cell in the body to make new cells. Mitosis is the separation of the replicated genetic material carried in the nucleus following cell division.

There are five stages of mitosis: Prophase, Prometaphase, Metaphase, Anaphase, and Telophase. There is no cell growth during mitosis, and all cellular energy is directed toward cell division.

How does cell division occur?

A cell replicates all of its elements, such as its chromosomes, and splits to generate two similar daughter cells during mitosis. Let us see the steps in cell division.

  • Cell division occurs in two stages: mitosis and meiosis. Most people allude to mitosis, the process of making new body cells, when they say “cell division”. Mitosis is a vital step in the life cycle.
  • Meiosis is the process of forming egg and sperm cells.
  • Meiosis, the second type of cell division, ensures that humans share the same amount of chromosomes from generation to generation.
  • In order to make sperm and egg cells, a two-step process decreases the number of chromosomes by half (from 46 to 23).
Image Credits: Three cell growth types by Domdomegg is licensed under (CC BY-SA 4.0)
  • Cell division is typically associated with a larger cell cycle. Every cell divides into two to reproduce, with each parental cell, creating two daughter cells.
  • As a result of the division and growth of a single parental cell and its progeny, these newly formed daughter cells may divide and multiply, resulting in the establishment of a new cell population.
  • In other words, such expansion and division cycles allow a single cell to grow into a structure composed of millions of cells.

How many times can plant and animal cell divide?

In the cytoplasm of plants, a new cell wall or cell plate is created during cell division. Let us see how many times plant cell and animal cell divides.

The plant cell and animal cell can divide up to 60-80 times continuously in order to grow and repair itself. A ring-like structure helps in the development of daughter cells in this case. This structure contracts on the interior, resulting in an indentation. As a result, fresh cells are formed.

Both plant and animal cells undergo significant modifications as a result of cell division. For example, following cell division, the animal cell stays nearly round. The plant cell, on the other hand, remains constant due to its stiff cell structure.

Which cells do not divide?

Permanent cells are cells that cannot be replaced. In postnatal life, they are thought to be terminally differentiated and non-proliferative. Let us see what these cells are.

Neurons, heart cells, skeletal muscle cells, and red blood cells are cells that do not divide because these cells lack centrioles and are unable to conduct mitosis inorder to generate new cells

1. Neurons

Neurons cannot split because they lack centrioles.

Each nerve cell has a distinct function in our neurological system. The absence of centrioles in nerve cells prevents them from doing mitosis and meiosis, and so these cells do not divide.

2. Red Blood Cells

RBCs that have reached maturity do not divide.

In fact, because mature RBCs lack a nucleus, these cells can accomplish little more than serve as conduits for the hemoglobin they contain. The mature human’s marrow produces new RBCs.

3. Skeletal Muscle Cells

Adult liver cells (hepatic cells) and cardiac muscle cells do not divide.

They are replaced through transplantation in the event of a serious lesion. These are our body’s sole cells that do not divide (normally).

Do skin cells divide?

Every two to three weeks, your skin’s cells are replaced. Your skin, as the primary barrier against the environment, must be in good condition. Let us see if they divide or not.

Skin cells divide continuously. Body tissues broaden by doubling the volume of cells that make up their structure. Until we reach maturity, cells in many tissues of the body divide and increase fast.

Many cells mature and become specialized for their specific task in the body as we grow older. As a result, they do not manufacture copies of themselves (reproduce) as frequently.

Do heart cells divide?

Some cells do not multiply further and exit G1 to enter the quiescent stage of the cell cycle, which is a dormant stage. Let us see if heart cells divide or not.

Heart cells do not divide. Muscle cells, once mature, no longer divide and simply execute their function throughout their lives.

Do blood cells divide?

Red blood cells lack a nucleus and RNA (ribonucleic acid, which is required for protein synthesis), making protein biosynthesis impossible. Let us see if blood cells divide or not.

Mature RBCs cannot divide as they lack nuclear DNA while WBCs can undergo cell division as these are nucleated. Because mature red blood cells lack nuclei and organelles, they lack DNA and cannot produce RNA, and hence cannot divide and have limited repair capacities.

Conclusion

To divide, a cell must first expand, then copy its genetic material (DNA), and then physically separate into two daughter cells. Cells carry out these functions in an orderly, predictable sequence of events known as the cell cycle.

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