# 31 Newton’s Third Law Of Motion Examples: Detailed Explanations

The third law of motion, also known as Newton’s third law, states that for every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction. This means that when an object exerts a force on another object, the second object exerts an equal and opposite force on the first object. This law is applicable to various real-life situations and can be observed in everyday activities. For example, when you push a wall, the wall pushes back with an equal amount of force. Similarly, when you swim, the water pushes against you, allowing you to move forward. Understanding this law helps us comprehend the interactions between objects and the forces they exert on each other.

## Key Takeaways

Example Description
Pushing a wall When you push a wall, the wall pushes back with an equal amount of force.
Swimming When you swim, the water pushes against you, allowing you to move forward.
Balloon propulsion When air is released from a balloon, the balloon moves in the opposite direction.
Rocket launch The expulsion of gases from a rocket propels it forward.
Bouncing a ball When a ball hits the ground, it bounces back due to the equal and opposite reaction force.

## Everyday Examples of Newton’s Third Law of Motion

### Walking

When we walk, we experience Newton’s third law of motion in action. As we take a step forward, our foot exerts a force on the ground, and in return, the ground exerts an equal and opposite force on our foot. This force propels us forward and allows us to move.

### Riding a Horse

Riding a horse also demonstrates Newton’s third law of motion. As the rider exerts a force on the horse‘s back, the horse simultaneously exerts an equal and opposite force on the rider. This action-reaction pair allows the horse and rider to move together.

### Triggering a Bullet

When a bullet is fired from a gun, the recoil of the gun is a perfect example of Newton’s third law of motion. The force exerted by the expanding gas in the gun barrel propels the bullet forward, while an equal and opposite force pushes the gun backward.

### Bouncing Ball

When we bounce a ball, we can observe Newton’s third law of motion. As we exert a force on the ball by pushing it down, the ball exerts an equal and opposite force on us, causing it to bounce back up. This force interaction between the ball and our hand allows the ball to rebound.

### Drawing Water from a Well

Drawing water from a well also involves Newton’s third law of motion. When we pull up the bucket, we exert a force on the water, and in return, the water exerts an equal and opposite force on the bucket. This force pair allows us to lift the water out of the well.

### Balancing Scale

A balancing scale demonstrates Newton’s third law of motion. When we place an object on one side of the scale, it exerts a downward force, and in response, the scale exerts an equal and opposite force upward. This force pair allows the scale to remain balanced.

### Swimming

Swimming is a great example of Newton’s third law of motion. As we push against the water with our arms and legs, the water pushes back with an equal and opposite force, propelling us forward in the water. This force interaction enables us to swim.

### Stepping on Land from a Boat

When we step on land from a boat, we experience Newton’s third law of motion. As we push off the boat, exerting a force backward, the boat exerts an equal and opposite force on us, propelling us forward onto the land. This force pair allows us to transition from the boat to the land smoothly.

These everyday examples illustrate the practical applications of Newton’s third law of motion in our daily lives. By understanding the concepts of force pairs, equal and opposite reactions, and momentum conservation, we can appreciate the role of physics principles in explaining the phenomena we observe around us. Whether it’s the recoil of a gun, the movement of a ball, or the propulsion of a rocket, Newton’s third law of motion helps us comprehend the forces at play in the physical world.

## Throwing a Stone into the Water

When we throw a stone into the water, we observe an interesting phenomenon that can be explained by the principles of physics. This simple action of throwing a stone into the water can help us understand concepts such as Newton’s third law, action-reaction pairs, and momentum conservation.

To better understand the physics behind throwing a stone into the water, let’s consider the following example:

### Catching a Ball

Imagine you are standing on the edge of a boat in a calm lake, and you decide to throw a ball into the water. As you exert a force on the ball, it moves forward and leaves your hand. At the same time, you observe that the boat moves backward slightly.

This observation is a practical application of Newton’s third law, which states that for every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction. In this case, when you exert a force on the ball, the ball exerts an equal and opposite force on your hand. This force interaction causes the boat to move backward.

The same principle can be observed in various scenarios, such as in cricket when a bowler throws a ball or when a rocket propels itself forward. In both cases, the force exerted by the person or the rocket causes an equal and opposite reaction, resulting in the movement of the ball or the rocket.

Another example of action-reaction pairs can be seen when a gun is fired. The bullet is propelled forward due to the force exerted by the expanding gas inside the gun. Simultaneously, the gun experiences a recoil, moving backward.

In the context of throwing a stone into the water, the stone exerts a force on the water, causing it to move in the opposite direction. This force interaction between the stone and the water is what creates the ripples or waves that we observe.

The concept of momentum conservation also comes into play when throwing a stone into the water. The momentum of the stone before it is thrown is transferred to the water as it moves forward. This transfer of momentum is what causes the water to move and create the ripples.

In addition to these physics principles, throwing a stone into the water also demonstrates the concept of inertia and motion. The stone remains at rest until a force is exerted on it, causing it to move. Once in motion, the stone continues to move until another force acts upon it, such as the resistance of the water.

Overall, the simple act of throwing a stone into the water provides us with a practical example of various physics concepts. From Newton’s third law and action-reaction pairs to momentum conservation and force interaction, these principles can be observed in our daily lives, helping us understand the fundamental laws that govern the physical world around us.

So, the next time you find yourself near a body of water, take a moment to observe the fascinating physics at play when you throw a stone into the water. It’s a small action that holds a wealth of scientific knowledge.

## Scientific Examples of Newton’s Third Law of Motion

Newton’s Third Law of Motion states that for every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction. This law describes the relationship between two objects interacting with each other, where the force exerted by one object on the other is met with an equal and opposite force exerted by the second object on the first. Let’s explore some scientific examples that demonstrate this law in action.

### Rocket Launch

Rocket propulsion is a classic example of Newton’s Third Law. When a rocket is launched, hot gases are expelled from the rocket’s engines at high speeds in one direction. According to Newton’s Third Law, for every action of the gases being expelled, there is an equal and opposite reaction that propels the rocket forward. This action-reaction pair allows the rocket to overcome the force of gravity and achieve liftoff.

### Drone Flight

When a drone takes off and hovers in the air, it demonstrates Newton’s Third Law. The propellers of the drone exert a downward force on the air, which in turn exerts an equal and opposite upward force on the drone. This force pair allows the drone to stay airborne and maintain its position in the air.

### Gravitational Force between Earth and Moon

The gravitational force between the Earth and the Moon is another example of Newton’s Third Law. The Earth exerts a gravitational pull on the Moon, and in response, the Moon exerts an equal and opposite gravitational pull on the Earth. This force interaction keeps the Moon in orbit around the Earth and maintains the stability of the Earth-Moon system.

### Magnetic Force between Two Bar Magnets

When two bar magnets are brought close to each other, they exhibit a magnetic force interaction that follows Newton’s Third Law. If the north pole of one magnet is brought near the south pole of the other magnet, they will attract each other. Conversely, if the north pole of one magnet is brought near the north pole of the other magnet, they will repel each other. This demonstrates the equal and opposite nature of the magnetic forces between the magnets.

### Magma Formation

The formation of magma in the Earth’s mantle is influenced by Newton’s Third Law. As the mantle material heats up and becomes less dense, it rises towards the surface. This upward movement creates a force pair, where the upward force exerted by the rising magma is met with an equal and opposite downward force exerted by the surrounding cooler material. This force interaction plays a role in the movement of tectonic plates and the formation of volcanic activity.

### Frictional Force on the Tire of a Car

When a car is in motion, the tires experience a frictional force with the road surface. According to Newton’s Third Law, the force exerted by the tires on the road is met with an equal and opposite force exerted by the road on the tires. This force pair allows the car to move forward and maintain traction with the road.

### Pulling a Rubber Belt

When a rubber belt is pulled, it demonstrates Newton’s Third Law. As you exert a force on one end of the belt, the belt exerts an equal and opposite force on your hand. This force pair allows the belt to move in the opposite direction to the force applied.

### Spring Compression and Extension

When a spring is compressed or extended, it follows Newton’s Third Law. When you compress a spring, you exert a force on it, and in response, the spring exerts an equal and opposite force on you. Similarly, when you extend a spring, the spring exerts a force on you in the opposite direction. This force pair allows the spring to store and release potential energy.

These examples illustrate the practical applications of Newton’s Third Law in our daily lives and highlight the fundamental principles of physics that govern the interactions between objects. By understanding the equal and opposite nature of forces, we can better comprehend concepts such as momentum conservation, recoil of a gun, jumping off a boat, walking on the ground, and even the functioning of a car‘s braking system. Newton’s Third Law provides valuable insights into the relationship between force, acceleration, and motion in the field of physical science.

## Sports Examples of Newton’s Third Law of Motion

### American Handball

In American Handball, the application of Newton’s Third Law of Motion can be observed. When a player hits the ball against the wall, they exert a force on the ball, causing it to move. Simultaneously, the ball exerts an equal and opposite reaction force on the player‘s hand. This action-reaction pair demonstrates the principle of force interaction, where the force exerted by the player‘s hand on the ball is equal in magnitude but opposite in direction to the force exerted by the ball on the player‘s hand.

### Tennis Racket Swing

Another example of Newton’s Third Law of Motion can be seen in the swing of a tennis racket. When a player strikes the ball with the racket, they exert a force on the ball, propelling it forward. At the same time, the ball exerts an equal and opposite reaction force on the racket. This force pair allows the player to control the direction and speed of the ball. The conservation of momentum is also evident in this example, as the force exerted by the racket causes a change in the ball’s momentum.

### Boxer Punching a Sandbag

When a boxer punches a sandbag, Newton’s Third Law of Motion comes into play. The boxer exerts a force on the sandbag, causing it to move backward. Simultaneously, the sandbag exerts an equal and opposite reaction force on the boxer’s fist. This force pair demonstrates the concept of action-reaction pairs, where the force exerted by the boxer’s fist on the sandbag is equal in magnitude but opposite in direction to the force exerted by the sandbag on the boxer’s fist.

### Skiing

Skiing is another sport where Newton’s Third Law of Motion is evident. As a skier moves down a slope, they exert a force on the snow in the opposite direction, propelling themselves forward. The snow exerts an equal and opposite reaction force on the skier, allowing them to maintain their balance and control their speed. This example showcases the application of Newton’s laws in practical situations, where the force exerted by the skier on the snow is equal in magnitude but opposite in direction to the force exerted by the snow on the skier.

### Rowing a Boat

Rowing a boat is a classic example of Newton’s Third Law of Motion. When a boatman pushes the oars against the water, they exert a force on the water, causing the boat to move forward. In response, the water exerts an equal and opposite reaction force on the boat, propelling it in the opposite direction. This force pair allows the boatman to navigate through the water by exerting force on the oars and observing the equal and opposite reaction from the water.

These sports examples illustrate the practical applications of Newton’s Third Law of Motion in our daily lives. By understanding the concept of action-reaction pairs and force interaction, we can observe how forces are exerted and balanced in various sports activities. Whether it’s hitting a ball, swinging a racket, punching a bag, skiing down a slope, or rowing a boat, the principles of physics are at play, showcasing the fundamental laws of motion and force.

## Newton’s Third Law of Motion in Toys and Games

Newton’s Third Law of Motion states that for every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction. This principle applies not only to the world of physics but also to toys and games. Let’s explore how this law comes into play in popular toys like Newton’s Cradle and Whistle Balloon.

Newton’s Cradle is a classic desk toy that demonstrates the concept of action-reaction pairs and momentum conservation. It consists of a series of metal balls suspended from a frame. When one ball is lifted and released to strike the others, the force is transmitted through the balls, causing the ball on the opposite end to swing out with an equal force. This happens because the force exerted on the first ball is transferred through the intermediate balls, showcasing the equal and opposite reaction.

### Whistle Balloon

The Whistle Balloon is another toy that exemplifies Newton’s Third Law of Motion. It consists of a small balloon attached to a whistle. When you blow air into the balloon and let it go, the air rushes out, creating a force that propels the balloon forward. This happens because the air escaping from the balloon creates an equal and opposite reaction, pushing the balloon in the opposite direction. It’s a fun way to observe the action-reaction pairs in action!

In both Newton’s Cradle and the Whistle Balloon, the force interaction between objects is evident. These toys provide practical applications of Newton’s laws and help us understand the physics principles behind them. By playing with these toys, we can observe how forces are exerted and how objects react accordingly.

Newton’s Third Law of Motion can also be observed in various real-life scenarios. For example, when a person jumps off a boat into the water, the force exerted by the person propels the boat in the opposite direction. Similarly, in sports like cricket, when a batsman hits the ball with force, the ball exerts an equal and opposite reaction on the bat, causing it to move.

Rocket propulsion and the recoil of a gun are other examples where Newton’s Third Law comes into play. In rocket propulsion, the force exerted by the expelled gas propels the rocket forward, while the expelled gas exerts an equal and opposite force on the rocket. Similarly, when a gun is fired, the force exerted by the bullet propels it forward, while the gun experiences a recoil force in the opposite direction.

Even in everyday activities like walking on the ground or using a car‘s braking system, Newton’s Third Law is at work. When we walk, we exert a force on the ground, and the ground exerts an equal and opposite force on us, allowing us to move forward. In a car‘s braking system, the brake pads exert a force on the wheels, and the wheels exert an equal and opposite force on the brake pads, causing the car to slow down.

In conclusion, Newton’s Third Law of Motion is not limited to textbooks and scientific experiments. It is present in toys, games, and various aspects of our daily lives. By understanding the concepts of force, action-reaction pairs, and momentum conservation, we can appreciate the role of Newton’s laws in explaining the principles of motion and the forces that govern our physical world.

### What is conserved in the application of Newton’s third law of motion?

In the application of Newton’s third law of motion, the conservation of momentum is observed. According to this law, for every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction. This means that when a force is exerted on an object, the object exerts an equal and opposite force back on the source of the initial force. As a result, the total momentum of the system remains constant.

To understand this concept better, let’s consider an example. Imagine a person standing on a skateboard. When the person pushes against a wall, the wall exerts an equal and opposite force on the person. As a result, the person moves backward due to the reaction force. The momentum of the person and the wall together remains conserved.

### Do books kept on the tables follow Newton’s third law?

Yes, books kept on tables do follow Newton’s third law of motion. When a book is placed on a table, the book exerts a downward force due to its weight. According to Newton’s third law, the table exerts an equal and opposite force on the book, known as the normal force. This force prevents the book from falling through the table and keeps it in place.

The interaction between the book and the table involves force pairs. The book exerts a downward force on the table, while the table exerts an upward force on the book. These force pairs are an example of action-reaction pairs, as described by Newton’s third law.

### How does the bow apply Newton’s third law?

The application of Newton’s third law can be observed in the functioning of a bow. When an archer pulls back the string of a bow, they exert a force on the string. According to Newton’s third law, the string exerts an equal and opposite force on the archer‘s hand.

As the archer releases the string, the stored potential energy in the bow is converted into kinetic energy, propelling the arrow forward. This happens because the force exerted by the string on the arrow is equal and opposite to the force exerted by the arrow on the string. The action-reaction pair of forces allows the arrow to be propelled forward with great speed and force.

In summary, Newton’s third law of motion governs the interaction of forces in various scenarios, including the conservation of momentum, action-reaction pairs, and force interactions. Understanding and applying these principles helps us comprehend the physics behind everyday phenomena and practical applications, such as rocket propulsion, the recoil of a gun, and even activities like jumping off a boat or walking on the ground.

## Conclusion

In conclusion, the third law of motion, also known as Newton’s third law, states that for every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction. This law is applicable in various scenarios and can be observed in our everyday lives. Some common examples of the third law of motion include the recoil of a gun when fired, the movement of a rocket in space, and the bouncing of a ball off a wall. Understanding and applying this law helps us comprehend the fundamental principles of motion and the interactions between objects. By recognizing the equal and opposite forces at play, we can better understand the dynamics of the world around us.

### What is the Definition of Newton’s Third Law of Motion?

Newton’s Third Law of Motion states that for every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction. This means that any force exerted onto a body will create a force of equal magnitude but in the opposite direction on the object that exerted the first force.

### Can You Provide an Explanation of Newton’s Third Law of Motion?

Newton’s Third Law of Motion explains how forces always come in pairs, known as action-reaction pairs. When an object exerts a force on another object, the second object exerts an equal and opposite force back on the first object. This is the principle behind how a rocket propels itself forward by expelling gas backward, or how you move forward when you jump off a boat.

### What are Some Examples of Newton’s Third Law of Motion in Daily Life?

There are numerous examples of Newton’s Third Law of Motion in our daily life. When you walk, your foot pushes against the ground (action), and the ground pushes back with an equal force (reaction), allowing you to move forward. Similarly, when you jump off a boat, the force you exert on the boat (action) causes the boat to move in the opposite direction (reaction).

### Can You Provide an Explanation of Action-Reaction Pairs?

Action-reaction pairs are a concept from Newton’s Third Law of Motion. They refer to the pair of forces involved when one object interacts with another. The action is the force one object applies to a second, and the reaction is the force the second object applies back to the first, which is equal in magnitude but opposite in direction.

### What are Some Examples of Action-Reaction Pairs?

Examples of action-reaction pairs include the recoil of a gun (the bullet being fired is the action, and the gun being pushed backward is the reaction) and a car braking system (the brakes apply force to the wheels, and the wheels apply an equal and opposite force to the brakes).

### How Does the Third Law of Motion Apply to Sports?

In sports, Newton’s Third Law of Motion is frequently observed. For instance, when a football player kicks a ball, the force exerted by the foot on the ball (action) causes an equal and opposite force that propels the ball forward (reaction). Similarly, in swimming, the swimmer pushes the water backward (action), and the water pushes the swimmer forward (reaction).

### What is the Role of Newton’s Third Law of Motion in Rocket Propulsion?

Rocket propulsion is a perfect example of Newton’s Third Law of Motion. The rocket’s engines push gas out of the back of the rocket (action), and in response, the gas pushes the rocket forward (reaction). This action-reaction pair allows the rocket to move in space, where there is no solid surface to push against.

### How Does the Third Law of Motion Relate to the Conservation of Momentum?

The Third Law of Motion is closely related to the principle of conservation of momentum. According to this principle, the total momentum of an isolated system remains constant if no external forces act on it. In an action-reaction pair, the total momentum before the action equals the total momentum after the reaction, demonstrating the conservation of momentum.

### How Does the Third Law of Motion Apply to the Recoil of a Gun?

When a gun is fired, the bullet is propelled forward with a certain force (action). According to Newton’s Third Law of Motion, an equal and opposite force (reaction) is exerted on the gun, causing it to recoil or kick back into the shooter’s shoulder.

### What are the Practical Applications of Newton’s Third Law of Motion?

Newton’s Third Law of Motion has numerous practical applications. It explains how vehicles move, how birds and airplanes fly, and how we are able to walk or jump. It’s also used in designing efficient propulsion systems for vehicles and spacecraft, understanding the behavior of gases, predicting the motion of particles in physics, and much more.

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