Saturated Liquid: 7 Important Facts You Should Know


Saturated Liquid Example:Comparative Analysis and FAQs

There are many liquid at some temperature and pressure considered as saturated liquid

  • Water – saturation condition of water is 100 C temperatures with atmospheric pressure
  • Carbontetrachloride (R10) – Temperature 76.69 C
  • Ammonia – Temperature -33.33 C
  • Ethylene glycol – Temperature 197 C
  • Petrol – Temperature above 37.5 C
  • Acetone – Temperature 56.7 C
  • Methyl alcohol –Temperature 65 C
  • Ethyl alcohol – Temperature 77.8 C
  • Kerosine – Temperature above 151 C

The above are the example of saturation state of some liquids. The boiling point of any liquid indicates its saturation state with atmospheric pressure. In simple words the saturates liquid means the condition of liquid to get vaporize with small change in temperature. The existing temperature of the saturated liquid is called boiling point of that liquid.

What is a saturated liquid?

The saturated word is associated with phase changing phenomena.

The temperature and pressure of a liquid are maintained in such a way that by reducing pressure slightly with constant temperature, it will starts evaporating liquid

The liquid at saturated temperature and pressure is considered as saturated liquid in general term.

saturated liquid
Saturated dome credit wikipedia

Saturated liquid is well understood by calling it the liquid which just about to evaporate. At the normal temperature 20 C and normal pressure 1 bar the water remain at the liquid condition. If we keep pressure same and increase temperature around 100 C, The water possess the state of vaporization readily with minor change in temperature.

The values of the various thermodynamic properties of the saturated liquid can be obtained from the table. If you know the values of pressure and temperature, you can obtain values of specific volume, enthalpy, entropy etc.

How do you know if a liquid is saturated?

It is very necessary to get know the saturation state of any liquid for understanding its properties

We can say that saturated liquid is ready to vaporize in minor change in temperature or pressure. The temperature of substance will not increase while liquid is getting evaporated.

The temperature remains constant in phase change process. At the vaporization or evaporation process, The temperature is utilized for vaporization. During this vaporization process, if vapour under goes some loss in temperature, it will starts condensing. We can call it as a saturated vapour.

Is water a saturated liquid?

Any liquid in universe can be saturated liquid at some thermodynamic conditions

The water is saturated liquid if its pressure and temperature are 1 atmospheric and 100 0C. at this condition, the water will easily get vaporize with minor increase in temperature at constant pressure.

During this vaporization process, if vapour under goes some loss in temperature, it will starts condensing. It is considered as a saturated vapour. If we try to increase temperature further more, The vapour will get pressurize (converted into superheated vapour)

Is Water Vapor an Ideal Gas?

There is some temperature and pressure conditions for water vapor to be considered as ideal gas.

If the pressure of the water vapor is below 10 kilo Pascal  to be considered as ideal gas without focusing its temperature.

To satisfy above condition, the error should be nearby 0.1 %. There are unwanted earrors arising during higher pressure conditions. It may be nearby the saturated vapour line and critical point.

What is the difference between saturated liquid and saturated vapor?

The liquid and the vapor are different state of matter.

We can say that saturated liquid is near to evaporate with small increase in temperature with constant pressure.

During this vaporization process, If there is decrease in minor temperature of vapour, the condensation process will starts. We can call it as a saturated vapour.

The temperature of substance will not increase while liquid is getting evaporated. The temperature remains constant in phase change process. At the vaporization or evaporation process, the temperature is utilized for vaporization.

What is meant by a saturated liquid and vapor?

The liquid and vapor are two different state of matter with some conditions.

The saturated liquid means the phase of matter is liquid. The saturated vapour means the phase of matter is gaseous.

The word saturation attached with liquid and vapor because it indicates the condition. The condition of saturated liquid is to vaporize with minor raise in temperature. The condition of the saturated vapor is to get condensed with minor decrease in temperature. We can consider the pressure remains constant in both.

What is saturated solution?

The saturated solution is term used in the chemistry.

The solution can be said saturated if we add more substance in it; it will either precipitate at bottom or converted into gas.

The saturation solution is chemistry term. It is used to indicate the state of solution that addition of substance cannot dissolve the substance more. It will either settle down at the bottom of the glass vessel or converted into the gas.

Examples of saturated solution

There are many saturated solutions exist in our day to day life

  • Seawater
  • Water with soap in it
  • Milk with chocolate powder in it
  • Juice with powder
  • Syrup of pan cake
  • Solutions used for cleaning
  • Beverages with some sweet in it
  • Freshwater with some elements in it
  • Soil – It is saturated solution with element like nitrogen
  • Air including moisture in it

There are many solutions in chemistry as well in nature to be considered as saturated solutions. Above are the common examples but there are lots of examples available for saturated solutions.

Deepakkumar Jani

I am Deepak Kumar Jani, Pursuing PhD in Mechanical- Renewable energy. I have five years of teaching and two-year research experience. My subject area of interest are thermal engineering, automobile engineering, Mechanical measurement, Engineering Drawing, Fluid mechanics etc. I have filed a patent on "Hybridization of green energy for power production". I have published 17 research papers and two books. I am glad to be part of Lambdageeks and would like to present some of my expertise in a simplistic way with the readers. Apart from academics and research, I like wandering in nature, capturing nature and creating awareness about nature among people. Let's connect through LinkedIn - https://www.linkedin.com/in/jani-deepak-b0558748/. Also refer my You-tube Channel regarding “Invitation from Nature”

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