Present Participle As Adjective? 5 Facts You Should Know


In this article we will know about “Present Participle As Adjective?” with 5 Facts which are considered the present participle is used as an adjective in the sentences and phrases.

Present Participle is a word which is formed by adding an –ing suffix with a verb and acts as an adjective.

Formation of Present Participle:

Let’s see how to form present participle from verb ending with an —ing suffix here.


Verb (To infinitive)
+ —ing SuffixPresent Participle
Go+ —ingGoing
Do+ —ingDoing
Sing+ —ingSinging
Draw+ —ingDrawing
Come+ —ingComing
Progress+ —ingProgressing
Hear+ —ingHearing
Listen+ —ingListening
Move+ —ingMoving
Dance+ —ingDancing
Formation of Present Participle

Can we use present participle as adjective?

  • Example-
  • Coming from the school, the boy ate his breakfast.
  • ‘Coming’ is placed here as an adjective which is a present participle.

When we can use present participle?

  1. To indicate the progressive action.
  2. To show movement & position.
  3. To indicate the direct adjective of noun.
  4. To indicate the perception.

Where to use present participle?

  • We can use present participle in-
  • Progressive tenses
  • Examples-
    • They have been creating a drama for two months.
    • The boys were not planning for their target.
  • Phrases
  • Examples-
    • Coming from the school, the boy ate his breakfast.
    • Listening the recording song, my sister composed her own song.

How to use present participle as adjective?

  • We can use present participle forming a word by using an -ing suffix to a verb that is being an adjective.

Examples of Present Participle as Adjective

  1. Coming from the school, the boy ate his breakfast.
  2. Listening the recording song, my sister composed her own song.
  3. Kartick, you should not be flattering person.
  4. Ashim cannot avoid such working personnel.
  5. Jumping into the pond, the children swam for a while.
  6. They have been creating a drama for two months.
  7. The boys were not planning for their target.
  8. The people are coming forward to the D.M office.
  9. Attending the office, the lady began the official activity.
  10. The boy, playing in the field, is my brother.
  11.  Arunita, performing in the stage, is my cousin.
  12. They are arranging a picnic during this summer vacation.
  13. The man, driving the car, is my uncle.
  14. We are now in a thrilling moment.
  15. It is going to be a turning point for the students to choose the right career.
  16. Shampa, you should not drink boiling water.
  17. The person, singing in the function, is Arijit Singh.
  18. Tuhin watched the birds flying away.
  19. Knowing the reason, my father met the lawyer.
  20.  The man found some money, lying in the bed.
  21. The children found their mother, sitting in the near station.
  22.  Amal and Sagar go running every morning.
  23. The old man came speaking with her wife on the road.

Explanation of Present Participle as adjective:

1. Coming from the school, the boy went ate his breakfast.

Present participle ‘Coming’ qualifies the noun ‘The boy’ in this sentence that is an adjective as it describes about the subject.

2. Listening the recording song, my sister composed her own song.

‘Listening’ qualifies the noun ‘My sister’ in this sentence that is an adjective as it describes about the subject.

3. Kartick, you should not be a flattering person.

‘Flattering’ qualifies the proper noun ‘Kartick’ in this sentence that is an adjective.

4. Ashim cannot avoid such working personnel.

‘Working’ qualifies the noun ‘Personnel’ in this sentence that is an adjective.

5. Jumping into the pond, the children swam for a while.

‘Jumping’ qualifies the noun ‘The children’ in this sentence that is an adjective as it describes about the subject.

6. They have been creating a drama for two months.

‘Creating’ qualifies the noun ‘They’ in this sentence that is an adjective. The statement is in Present progressive.

7. The boys were not planning for their target.

‘Planning’ qualifies the pronoun ‘They’ in this sentence that is an adjective. The statement is in past progressive.

8. The people are coming forward to the D.M office.

‘Coming’ qualifies the noun ‘The People’ in this sentence that is an adjective as it indicates the sentence is present progressive tense.

9. Attending the office, the lady began the official activity.

‘Attending’ qualifies the noun ‘The lady’ in this sentence that is an adjective as it describes about the subject.

10. The boy, playing in the field, is my brother.

‘Playing’ qualifies the noun ‘The boy’ in this sentence that is an adjective as it describes about the subject.

11.  Arunita, performing in the stage, is my cousin.

‘Performing’ qualifies the noun ‘Arunita’ in this sentence that is an adjective as it describes about the subject.

12. They are arranging a picnic during this summer vacation.

‘Arranging’ qualifies the pronoun ‘They’ in this sentence that is an adjective as it describes about the subject.

13. The man, driving the car, is my uncle.

‘Driving’ qualifies the noun ‘The man’ in this sentence that is an adjective as it describes about the subject.

14. We are now in a thrilling moment.

The word ‘Thrilling’ qualifies the noun ‘Moment’ in this sentence that is an ordinary adjective.

15. It is going to be a turning point for the students to choose the right career.

‘Turning’ qualifies the noun ‘Point’ in this sentence that is an adjective.

16. Shampa, you should not drink the boiling water.

‘Boiling’ qualifies the noun ‘Water’ in this sentence that is an adjective.

17. The person, singing in the function, is Arijit Singh.

‘Singing’ qualifies the noun ‘Arijit Singh’ in this sentence that is an adjective as it describes about the subject.

18. Tuhin watched the birds flying away.

‘Flying’ qualifies the noun ‘The bird’ in this sentence that is an adjective. This sentence is formed in Verb + Object + Participle combination.

19. Knowing the reason, my father met the lawyer.

‘Knowing’ qualifies the noun ‘My father’ in this sentence that is an adjective. This sentence is formed in Verb + Object + Participle combination.

20.  The man found some money, lying in the bed.

‘Lying’ qualifies the noun ‘The man’ in this sentence that is an adjective. This sentence is formed in Verb + Object + Participle combination.

  .

21. The children found their mother, sitting in the near station.

‘Sitting’ qualifies the noun ‘Their mother’ in this sentence that is an adjective. This sentence is formed in Verb + Object + Participle combination.

22. Amal and Sagar go running every morning.

‘Running’ qualifies the noun ‘Amal and Sagar’ in this sentence that is an adjective as it describes the position and movement the subject.

23. The old man came speaking with her wife on the road.

‘Speaking’ qualifies the noun ‘The old man’ in this sentence that is an adjective as it indicates the movement & position of the subject.

All the examples of verbal adjective (or participle adjective) is explained above precisely. It is expected that this discussion would be going fruitful for all.

Conclusion

Present participle is used as an adjective in phrases or sentences to indicate position, movement, perception, and progressive of the subject but it can be used as ordinary adjective in the phrases or in the sentences.

Bhabesh Sing

Hi! I am Bhabesh Sing. I have completed M.A in English, M.A in Vocal Music, and B.Ed. I am a creative writer. Currently, I am a Subject Matter Expert in English on this Platform. Let's connect through LinkedIn-https://www.linkedin.com/in/bhabesh-sing-660914ab

Recent Posts