This article highlights different perennial plants in the environment and focusses on its description, uses, life span etc.
Some perennial plant examples are listed below:
- Bee Balm
- Tropical Milkweed
- Russian Sage
- Campanula (Bellflower)
- Hardy Geranium
- Coneflower (Echinacea)
- Perennial Poppies
- Lamb’s Ear
- Veronica (Speedwell)
Monarda is the genus name of flowering plants from the North American origin. The plant has a height of 20-90 cm. The leaves are arranged in oppositely in the squared stem, tubular flowers are symmetric. The colour of the flower varies from red, pink and light purple. The leaves are crushed and exuded to a spicy, fragrant essential oil. This plant works as an antiseptic to skin wounds and infections.
Asclepias curassavica, with common name tropical milkweed, is a flowering plant species of the genus, Asclepias. These are evergreen perennial subshrubs grows up to 1 metre having pale green colour of the stem. The leaf arrangement is opposite with its acute tip. They have red and purple corollas and the corona lobes are yellow and orange. The parts of the plant above the soil are used to treat dysentery and also for eye disease.
Colocasia esculenta is a perennial plant known as taro. It belongs to the family Araceae that are used as vegetables, corms, leaves and petioles. This plant is a commonly found in African, Oceanic, and South Asian cultures and is one of the ancient cultivated perennial plant. The benefits include high amount of energy, helps in weight loss, improves vision.
Canna lilies are flowering plants in the family Cannaceae. It is a subtropical perennial. The leaves are broad flat, solid green and alternate and are having a narrow roll. This plant is used to treat menstrual pains, the root is used to treat gonorrhea and amenorrhoea. The flowers are used to treat malaria.
It is a perennial flowering plant in the genus Paeonia. They have originated from Asia, Europe and Western North America. They have a height of 0.25 to 1 metre. The leaves are compound colours of the flower ranges from purple to pink and red, white or yellow in the late spring or early summer. Peony plant treats in menstrual cramps, polycystic ovary symptoms. Hepatitis can be cured from this plant.
Salvia yangii, commonly known as Russian Sage is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant, it blooms from mid-summer to late October, with varying colours from blue to violet colours. The height of this plant reaches from 0.5-1.2 metre. The leaf arrangement is quite unique, the leaves of the top branch merges into bracts. These leaves create medicinal tea and relieves stomach pain and indigestion.
Aquilegia is a genus that are found in higher altitudes throughout Northern Hemisphere. Roots have rhizomes, flowers are hermaphrodite, terminal to stem and branches. The flowers are used as a condiment with other fresh greens. The root is used to treat ulcers.
Bellflowers are mainly purple in colour inheriting from the daisy family of Campanulaceae. The flowers have a shape of a bell and that’s for the name. The flowers have five lobes in corolla. The root has been chewed in the treatment of heart and lung problems.
Aemeria maritima grows in low clumps. It is a popular garden flower and has been distributed worldwide .
It is a perennial plant originating from East Asia. The inflorescence has several flower heads, generally has yellow in colour.
Geranium bohemicum is a species of flowering plant which belongs to the family Geraniaceae. The flowers are around inch in size and has a shape of a cup. Some varieties have border plants, woodland gardens and others for covering rock garden plants.
Nepeta is a perennial flowering plant from the family Lamiacea. Flowers are of colours blue, white, pink or lilac. It is used for the treatment in any digestive system disorders, induces sweating during fever to reduce temperature.
Hemerocallis is the genus name of daylilies. These are perennial plants which lasts about a day. Most flowers of the species blossom in early morning and shrinks during the next night. It is originated from eastern Asia mainly, Japan, Korea, China etc. It is used as an edible thing in Chinese cuisine, dried and sold as gum jum or yellow flower vegetables.
It is native in Cape Verde and the Canary Islands. The plant is shrub-like. The flowers are borne in whorls held on spikes rising above the foliage, they have colours like blue, violet or lilac in the wild species. Research says that it effects in alleviating anxiety problems and sleep disturbances.
Echinacea is a genus of herbaceous perennial plants in the daisy family, having 10 species. They have large composite flowers, blossoming in summer. These plants have a height of 140 cm. Echinacea properties have been designated as antimicrobials and immunomodulators.
It is the largest species of plants in the blossom family Lamiaceae with 1000 species of shrubs. It is commonly known as sage plant. The leaves are toothed, flowers have colours like red with white and yellow less common. It is used extensively as a recreational drug.
It is a large genus of flowering plants, commonly called stone corps. These are found in the Northern Hemisphere extending into southern hemisphere in Africa and South America. The leaves are succulent. Widespread use of this plant is to treat pain and inflammation.
Papaver orientale is a perennial flowering plant originating from north eastern Turkey and northern Iran. They have hairy leaves and blooms in mid- summer. It has large bright flowers featuring petals. It is the source of narcotic drug opium which contains alkaloids like morphine.
It is a species of perennial plant in the family Lamiaceae originating from Turkey, Armenia and Iran. They are densely covered with grey or silver-white silky hairs. It is used for centuries as a bandage to heal the deep wounds.
It is a herbaceous plant from the Verbenaceae family. The leaves are opposite, flowers have five petals, are small and borne in dense spikes. It is used as herbal medicine, herbal tonic.
Alcea is a flowering plant in the family of Malvaceae, generally known as hollyhock. They are native to Asia and Europe. The leaf lobes are toothed, the flower petals have colours like pink, white, purple or yellow. These plants used as a firewood, roots are used for medicines.
They are grown in moist soil and sunny conditions are preferred. Leaf tips can be modified into tea.
It is used to treat diseases of mouth and gum, vermifuge fractures and gastrointestinal diseases.
It is used in traditional medicine for the treatment of rheumatism, lung and respiratory diseases.
Frequently Asked Questions–
What are Perennial Plants?
Perennial plants are those plants who lives for several years. The term perennial is used to identify it from the annuals and the biennial plants. They are basically flowering plants that blooms through spring and summer, and live up to every autumn and winter.