Nuclear energy is obtained from chemical energy by the action of fusion or fission of radioactive elements.
The energy object by nuclear activities can be used to produce chemical energy through various processes. The heat energy released by the radioactive isotopes can be used to generate chemical fuels and other essentials. Let u discuss how to convert nuclear energy to chemical energy with examples.
How is nuclear energy converted to Chemical energy?
The energized nuclei release their extra energy by emitting the neutrons, photons, or electrons through the process of radioactivity to become a stable isotope.
The heat released can be used to supply the heat energy for chemical reactions to take place which requires a huge energy supply thus producing the essential oil and chemicals. This can be also used to generate electricity running a turbine which can be further converted into chemical energy.
Uranium and thorium are the most widely used isotopes in nuclear reactors.
The fission of the isotopes releases neutrons and gives out heat energy. This heat energy radiated is used to run the turbine. The generator further converts the mechanical energy to electrical energy.
The hydrogen gas released in the fission reaction is collected and compressed to form a liquid. This is known as the hydrogen fuel and is listed as an eco-friendly fuel that produces an immense amount of energy as compared to the other fuel that is in use.
The heat energy generated from the reactor is used for the desalination of the seawater process. The water molecules escape from the seawater and what remains is a variety of salt and minerals.
The heat released from the nuclear reactor is passed to the seawater to cool down the reactor. This heat energy is grasped by the water molecules in the water and the phase change occurs. The vapors thus formed are used to run the turbine to produce electrical energy.
Solar energy is a form of nuclear energy emitted from the Sun used to cook food which is a form of chemical energy.
Radioactivity is responsible for the formation of different isotopes. These isotopes are used for various medical purposes and laboratory experiments.
The carbon is inhaled by almost all the living organisms and hence the carbon dating technologies are used to predict the life and era of the organic matter remnants.
Decomposition is a process of radioactive decay too. The matter degrades and the chemical composition varies as the time elapses.
The electric vehicles are run on nuclear fuels and hydrogen fuels too. The chemical energy produced by the nuclear fuel is used for the combustion and to start the engine of a vehicle.
The atomic blast is due to the spontaneous radioactivity of the isotopes and thus releases a huge amount of energized particles in the air causing health hazards.
Nuclear batteries produce a large amount of energy and last for longer durations. Hence these can be used to save a lot of energy and reduce electronic waste.
Combustion of Fuels
The energy required for the combustion of fuels to generate energy is supplied by the energy generated in the nuclear reactor due to fission.
Nuclear energy is also used to check any contaminants present in the food before it is bought into usage.
It is a process in which the plant uses the nuclear energy from the sun to produce their food by different chemical reactions and stores it in the form of chemical energy.
It is a bifurcation of the single nuclei into two releasing an amount of energy that is utilized for further chemical reactions to take place.
It is a process of releasing the energy by emitting the photons or neutrons during the binding of two nuclei together forming an atom of molecular mass double the initial.
Nuclear medicines are used to detect cancerous cells, goiter, and various diseases and also in medical treatment for different illnesses.
It produces tons of energy and is a clean source of energy that will save the emission of harmful chemicals into the atmosphere.
Nuclear energy can supply the heat energy for the chemical reaction to occur.
This is a fuel acquired by the organic matter efficiency in carbon. This may be obtained by biofuel or from fossil fuels.
Frequently Asked Questions
How chemical energy is used to produce nuclear energy?
Nuclear energy is produced by releasing the energy acquired by the atom.
The energy is gained by the atom by some means of the chemical reaction or exposure to the tiny particles wandering in the system.
What is a form of nuclear energy?
Nuclear energy is in the form of both kinetic as well as potential energy.
The potential energy is stored energy in the nucleus when it is stable while the kinetic energy of the neutrons also transfers its energy to the atom on bombarding and makes it unstable.