Nitrogen Lewis Dot Structure: Drawing, Several Compounds and Detailed Explanations

Lewis dot structure gives information about outermost shell electrons of an atom. This article is discussing about the Nitrogen lewis dot structure involving in bonding with different elements.

Lewis dot structure is written by Atomic symbol of the atom and outermost shell electrons present around the symbol. The electrons written as dots may be bonding or non bonding electrons. To draw Nitrogen lewis dot structure, we have to count outer most shell electrons of Nitrogen that is five, written as dots around “N”.

So Nitrogen needs three electrons to fill up the Octet structure. This makes the atom more stable.

Nitrogen gas lewis dot structure

Lewis dot structure of Nitrogen gas represents the arrangement of outer most shell electrons. These electrons participate in bonding between two Nitrogen atoms.

To draw the lewis dot structure of Nitrogen gas, we have to count outermost shell electrons of Nitrogen that is five with electronic configuration: [He] 2s2 2p3.

According to the Octet rule each of the Nitrogen atoms must have 8 electrons in outer most shell. This gives Nitrogen atoms stable configuration.  They have to share electrons with each other and form bond. The bond is represented as a single line.

Two Nitrogen atoms share six electrons (three pair of electrons) and form triple bond. These bonds are written as straight line. Four valence electrons remain after bonding in the molecule. Hence each Nitrogen atom contains a non bonding pair represented as dots.

Nitrogen lewis dot structure
lewis dot structure of Nitrogen gas

Nitrogen ion lewis dot structure

Nitrogen is ‘group 15’ element in Periodic table. Neutral Nitrogen atom has five valence electrons. By accepting three electrons it becomes Nitride ion.

Nitrogen has five valence electrons in 2s and 2p electronic shell. It has three less electrons respect to nearest Noble Gas. So it accepts three electrons and form Nitride ion. Become stable.

To represent the electron dot structure, write symbol of Nitrogen atom. All outer most shell electrons are written around the atomic symbol. This whole is shown inside a third bracket. The negative charge of Nitride ion must be written to right outside of bracket.

Nitrogen lewis dot structure
lewis dot structure of Nitrogen ion

Nitrogen dioxide lewis dot structure

Nitrogen is a ‘group 15’ element (electronic configuration: 1s2 2s2 2p3) and Oxygen is a ‘group 16’ element (electronic configuration: 1s2 2s2 2p4) in Periodic table.

To draw the electron dot structure we count outer most shell electrons of the molecule. Valence shell electronic configuration of Nitrogen: [He] 2s2 2p3. Valence shell electronic configuration of Oxygen: [He] 2s2 2p4.

Less electronegative Nitrogen is central atom here. To gain stable octet structure it shares electrons with Oxygen atom. For this one double bond and one single bond are produced. But the location of the double bond changes with respect to time. That means bonding electrons delocalize with time for resonance.

Lewis dot structure of NO2 is very significant. It shows Nitrogen has one single unpaired electron.

Nitrogen lewis dot structure
lewis dot structure of Nitrogen dioxide

Nitrogen monoxide lewis dot structure

Nitrogen monoxide is one of the elements of acid rain. It is very reactive molecule. This can be explained by its lewis dot structure.

Total valence shell electrons of Nitrogen monoxide are eleven. Nitrogen has five valence electrons in 2s and 2p electronic shell where Oxygen has six electrons.

 Nitrogen and Oxygen shares four valence electrons which form a double bond. Two pair of nonbonding electrons posses over Oxygen. Nitrogen has a lone pair and a single unpaired electron.

Nitrogen lewis dot structure
lewis dot structure of Nitrogen monoxide

Nitrogen trichloride lewis dot structure

Chlorine is a ‘group 17’ element with valence shell electronic configuration: [Ne] 3s2 3p5.

In Nitrogen tri chloride electron dot structure, total 26 valence electrons participate. Among these six electrons are paired to bond formation, that is shown as straight line.

Central atom Nitrogen has two nonbonding electrons. Each Chlorine atom contains three lone pairs. These non bonding electrons are represented as dots.

Nitrogen lewis dot structure
lewis dot structure of Nitrogen trichloride

Calcium and Nitrogen lewis dot structure

Calcium is a ‘group 2’ element in periodic table with 20 electrons in orbital. Its valence shell electronic configuration:  [Ar] 4s2.

To gain stable electronic structure like nearest Noble gas it transfers outer most shell electrons and forms a positive ion. Nitrogen atom needs three electrons to get octet structure.

 So three Calcium ions combine with two nitride ions and form Ca3N2 molecule.

Nitrogen lewis dot structure
lewis dot structure of Calcium and Nitrogen

Sodium and Nitrogen lewis dot structure

Sodium is a ‘group 1’ element in periodic table with electronic configuration: 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s1. So it has one valence shell electron.

Sodium tries to donate that 3s shell electron to get stable octet structure. That electron transfers to Nitrogen orbital. So three Sodium atoms coordinate with one Nitrogen atom. This results in Na3N molecule formation.

Six bond pair electrons are represented as straight lines and central atom Nitrogen contains one non bonding electron pair that is written as dots.

Barium and Nitrogen lewis dot structure

Barium is a ‘group 2’ element with valence shell electronic configuration: [Xe] 6s2.

To gain stable electronic structure like nearest Noble gas, Barium transforms two valence electrons become a positive ion. These electrons are accepted by Nitrogen atom and forms Nitride ion.

 One Nitrogen atom needs three electrons to fill up octet structure. Hence Three Barium atoms combine with Two Nitrogen atoms.

Aluminum and Nitrogen lewis dot structure

Aluminum is a ‘group 13’ element with outer most shell electronic configuration: [Ne] 3s2 3p1.

According to Octet rule Aluminum always try to transfer these three valence electrons. These electrons are accepted by Nitrogen atom. In this way both of them are able to form stable electronic shell.

Bonding electron pairs between Aluminum and Nitrogen are represented as straight lines. Aluminum has no lone pair where as Nitrogen has one non bonding electron pair.

Nitrogen lewis dot structure
lewis dot structure of Aluminum and Nitrogen

Potassium and Nitrogen lewis dot structure

Potassium is a ‘group 1’ element in periodic table. It has one outer most shell electron in 4s electronic shell.

Potassium donates this valence electron to satisfy Octet rule and become a positive ion. The electron is accepted by Nitrogen atom and form nitride ion.

As Nitrogen needs three electrons to fill up its electronic shell, it combines with three Potassium ions results K3N.

Three bonds between Potassium and Nitrogen represented as straight lines.

Lithium and Nitrogen lewis dot structure

Lithium is a ‘group 1’ element in periodic table with electronic configuration: 1s2 2s1.

To satisfy Octet rule of electronic configuration, Lithium transfer the valence electron which is accepted by Nitrogen atom.

So three Lithium ions coordinate with one Nitride ion. This results in formation of Li3N.

Beryllium and Nitrogen lewis dot structure

Beryllium is a ‘group 2’ element withelectronic configuration: 1s2 2s2.

According to the octet rule every atom tends to have electronic configuration like nearest Noble gas. To achieve this stability Beryllium donates two valence electrons which are taken by Nitrogen atom to form Nitride ion.

Nitrogen atom needs three electrons to fill octet structure so two Nitride ion combine with three Beryllium ion and forms Be3N2 molecule.

Nitrogen lewis dot structure
lewis dot structure of Beryllium and Nitrogen

Magnesium and Nitrogen lewis dot structure

Magnesium is a ‘group 2’ element with outer most shell electronic configuration: [Ne] 3s2.

To draw the electron dot structure of Magnesium nitride,we count the total outer most shell electrons. Magnesium tends to donate two 3s electrons. These electrons are taken by Nitrogen atom and form negative ion.

Magnesium creates a positive ion with charge 2. Hence six electrons can be transferred by three Magnesium atoms which are accepted by two Nitrogen atoms and Mg3N2 molecule is produced.

Strontium and Nitrogen lewis dot structure

Strontium is a ‘group 2’ element in periodic table. Its outer most shell electronic configuration is [Kr] 5s2.

According to octet rule every atom wants to stable octet fill up structure. To satisfy this Strontium donates it two outer most shell electrons which are taken by Nitrogen atom.

 As Nitrogen atom has three less electrons to get stable electronic structure. Two Nitride ions coordinate with three Strontium ions and produce Sr3N2 molecule.

Boron and Nitrogen lewis dot structure

Boron is a ‘group 13’ element. Its outer most shell electronic configuration is: [He] 2s2 2p1.

The valence shell electrons of Boron coordinate with valence shell electrons of Nitrogen. This results the formation of a triple bond where six electrons are participated.

Nitrogen contains one pair of non bonding electrons (lone pair) but there is no such pair of electron in Boron.

Nitrogen and Hydrogen lewis dot structure

Hydrogen contains only one electron in its electronic shell 1s. Nitrogen has five outer most shell electrons which are in 2s and 2p shell.

For getting stability like nearest Noble gas Nitrogen shares three electrons with three Hydrogen atoms. Hence three covalent bonds form between Nitrogen and three Hydrogen atoms.

Two valence shell electrons of Nitrogen atom remain as non bonding electron pair concentrating over Nitrogen atom.

Nitrogen lewis dot structure
lewis dot structure of Ammonia

Nitrogen tri-Iodide lewis dot structure

Iodine is a ‘group 17’ element with valence shell electronic configuration: [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p5.

In this molecule three iodine atoms share valence electrons with one nitrogen atom. Total 26 electrons are involved in the coordination.

 Here six electrons form three bonds. Each Iodine atom contains there non bonding pairs of electrons and Nitrogen atom also has two unpaired electrons.

Nitrogen tri Fluoride lewis dot structure

Fluorine is a ‘group 17’ element with electronic configuration: 1s2 2s2 2p5. Nitrogen has five outer most shell electrons.

In Nitrogen tri Fluoride molecule Nitrogen is central atom as it is less electronegative than Fluorine. Three Fluorine coordinate with one Nitrogen atom, in the molecule total 26 valence electrons participated.

Among the valence shell electrons six electrons form three covalent bonds. Each Fluorine atom has three pairs of electrons which do not form bond. So three Fluorine atoms have eighteen nonbonding electrons and Nitrogen atom also has one unshared electron pair.

Bonds between two atoms are represented as straight lines and non bonding electron pairs are written as dots.

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