# Magnetic Field vs Electric Field: Detailed Explanations

The terms magnetic field and electric field are very familiar to us as both of them describe the force of exertion on the particle.

Both magnetic and electric fields are inter-depending on one another, giving us an electromagnetic field. Though the existence of electric and magnetic fields is concerned with the charges, both of them exhibit different characteristics. In this post, we have given a brief insight into comparing magnetic field vs electric field.

## Magnetic field lines vs electric field lines

Both magnetic fields and electric fields possess field lines. Field lines are the imaginary lines that specify where there is an effective influence of force on the charges. The influence of force on electric and magnetic fields is quite different; thus, this section lets us learn a comparison between magnetic field lines and electric field lines.

## Magnetic field lines vs magnetic lines of force

The magnetic field lines and the magnetic lines of force are fictitious entities that do not have any physical origin. In some contexts, it can be said that both magnetic field lines and magnetic lines of force are the same because they both specify the strength and the direction of the magnetic field around a magnet.

## Some points to be remembered

• Both magnetic field and electric field are vector quantities as both of them are associated with magnitude and direction.
• The magnitude of the magnetic field is proportional to the current carrying through the circular loop, while the number of field lines leaving the positive charge and entering the negative charge defines the proportionality between the electric field and the magnitude of the charge.
• The electric field can be a monopole but not the magnetic field; the electric field can be induced either by positive or negative charges, but the magnetic field exists only due to both north and south poles.
• The intensity of the magnetic field depends on the number of magnetic field lines produced around the magnet.
• The magnetic field is denoted by the letter B; it is given by the formula,
• B = ϕ/A; where ϕ is the magnetic force around the loop, and A is the area of the cross-section of the magnet.
• The electric field is denoted by the symbol E, expressed by the formula, E=F/C; where F is the electric force and C is the point charge.
• The tangent line at any point on the electric field describes the direction of the point charge, and also it represents the path of the positive test charge, which is free to move.

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