Lathe Machine Uses: CNC, Wood, Center, Vertical Lathe Machine Uses


In this article, the topic named “lathe machine uses” will be summarize. The lathe is machine tool which is conduct for starters for giving desired shape of a wood or metal.

Among the all lathe machine Engine lathe is most common lathe machine which is used in a wide range. By the help of lathe machine tool the main work which is done cutting the excess amount of material from the cutting tool and other work by the lathe machine is done is  shaping metal and wood.

Lathe machine uses to do operations:-

The operations done by the lathe machine is listed below by gripping the workpiece by chuck or centres,

  • Drilling operation
  • Facing operation
  • Turning operation
  • a. Taper turning operation
  • b. Straight turning operation
  • c. Shoulder turning operation
  • d. Rough turning operation
  • e. Eccentric turning operation
  • Grooving operation
  • Filing operation
  • Knurling operation
  • Chamfering operation
  • Polishing operation
  • Forming operation
  • Spring Winding operation
  • Spinning operation

The operations done by the lathe machine is listed below by gripping the angle plate or the faceplate or by the chuck of the machine tool,

  • Boring
  • Parting – off
  • Tapping
  • Drilling
  • Undercutting
  • Counter boring
  • Internal thread cutting
  • Reaming
  • Taper boring

The operations done by the lathe machine is listed below by behaving special link – ups,

  • Milling
  • Grinding
Image – A watchmaker’s lathe in use to prepare a decorative watch component cut from copper;
Image Credit – Wikipedia

Advantages:-

The advantages of the lathe machine are listed below,

  1. In a short time medium type volume production to high type volume production can be made.
  2. Accuracy especially for the Computer Numerical Controlled lathe machine is very higher.

Disadvantages:-

The disadvantages of the lathe machine are listed below,

  • Initial cost for the lathe machine is high.
  • Maintenance cost is also high.
  • Tool wear appearing
  • Safety is needed
  • Skilled operator needed.
  • For the high cutting speed bad smell is appearing.

Computer Numerical Controlled lathe machine uses:

Operating system with the Computer Numerical Controlled lathe machine carried accurate instructions of designs. In the Computer Numerical Controlled lathe machine materials are placed and spin by the help of main spindle.

The uses for the Computer Numerical Controlled lathe machine are listed below,

  1. Cue sticks
  2. Baseball Bats
  3. Musical instruments
  4. Crankshafts
  5. Bowls
  6. Camshafts
  7. Gun Barrels
  8. Dining room table
  9. Dining room Chair legs

Cue sticks:-

By the help of Computer Numerical Controlled lathe machine cue stick is produce. Cue stick is sports equipment which is used in carom, pool, and snooker. For striking a ball cue stick used.

lathe machine uses
Image – Snooker cue with two detachable extensions; Image Credit – Wikipedia

Baseball Bats:-

By the help of Computer Numerical Controlled lathe machine baseball bats are produce. Baseball bats can be metal or wooden smooth club. Baseball bats also a gaming item. In baseball game when pitcher thrown a ball for hitting the ball baseball bats are used.

Image – Baseball Bats;
Image Credit – Wikimedia Commons

Musical instruments:-

For making musical instruments accuracy is very important for this reason only with the Computer Numerical Controlled lathe machine musical instruments are made of. From very earlier musical instruments are used for various objectives such as, rituals, as an entertainment concert of viewers, medicine and accompaniment of dances.

Crankshafts:-

For the internal combustion engine crankshaft is very important part. Crankshaft is made by the help of Computer Numerical Controlled lathe machine. The crankshaft is responsible for converting the motion of the linear to the motion of the rotational.

High fatigue strength should be carry by the crankshaft. The wear resistance of the crankshaft should be high.

Bowls:-

The bowls are made by the help of Computer Numerical Controlled lathe machine. Bowl is a container in round shaped foe consuming, serving and preparing any food item. In various types of culture bowls are used as a vessel where any type of food item is served and eaten.

The size of the bowls can be various types they can be small to large size. Small sized bowls are known as Tea bowl and which bowls are contained big sizes is generally known as Bowl.

Camshafts:-

For making the camshaft accuracy plays a very important role. In most of cases camshafts are made by the Computer Numerical Controlled lathe machine. The vehicles camshafts are in general made by metal. For making the camshaft in general chilled cast iron is used. A pointed cam is carried by the camshaft.

The main purpose of the camshaft is to transform the motion of rotational to the motion of reciprocal. The systems which are carried the camshaft are, ignition system which is controlled by mechanically, internal combustion engine and also in the electrically motor speed controller.

The other uses of the Computer Numerical Controlled lathe machine are,

  1. Gun Barrels
  2. Dining room table
  3. Dining room Chair legs

Parts:-

The parts which are carry by the Computer Numerical Control lathe machine is listed below,

  1. Computer Numerical Control panel
  2. Headstock
  3. Computer Numerical Control lathe bed
  4. Foot switch
  5. Tailstock
  6. Tool Turret
  7. Chuck
  8. Tailstock Quill

Advantages:-

The advantages of the Computer Numerical Control lathe machine is listed below,

  1. The machining process of the Computer Numerical Control lathe machine is more precise and accurate.
  2. To perform job in a workpiece takes very minimum time for this reason a medium volume production to high volume production easily can be make.
  3. Reliable
  4. Safe to operate.
  5. Complicated design can be made with the help of Computer Numerical Control lathe machine.
  6. Maintenance cost is low.
  7. Computer Numerical Control lathe machine can work for 24 hours.
  8. Versatile.
  9. Human errors are not possible because it is automated process.
  10. Huge numbers of labors are not needed to run the process.
  11. Uniform designs can be easily make.

Disadvantages:-

The disadvantages of the Computer Numerical Control lathe machine is listed below,

  1. Initial cost of the Computer Numerical Control lathe machine is too high.
  2. Skilled operator need to run the process.

Wood lathe machine uses:

With the help of the Wood lathe machine the material of wooden can be give desired shaped into a cylindrical profile.

The uses for the Wood lathe machine are listed below,

Wooden dining table made

  • Wooden dining table chair
  • Baseball bats
  • Bowls
  • Legs of the furniture
  • Lamp posts
  • Bed

Advantages:-

The advantages of the Wood lathe machine is listed below,

  1. The initial cost of the wood lathe machine is not too high.
  2. Maintenance cost is low.
  3. High skilled labor not needed to work with wood lathe machine.
  4. Simple in design.
  5. Light weight.
  6. Models can be carrying so easily by this wood lathe machine.
  7. Rotation control of the effective pulley is easy.
  8. Working mechanism is simple.

Disadvantages:-

The disadvantages of the Wood lathe machine is listed below,

  1. Rotation speed of the pulley is very low.
  2. Wood lathe machine cannot work with heavy materials.

Center lathe machine uses:

The Centre Lathe is used to produce cylindrical shapes from a range of materials including; steels and plastics. Many of the components that go together to make an engine work have been manufactured using lathes.

Image – Dead center (the conical piece) mounted in the spindle of a lathe and being used to support a workpiece being driven by a carrier setup;
Image Credit – Wikipedia

Advantages:-

The advantages of the Center Lathe Machine are listed below,

  1. Pass rate advantage
  2. Mass production can be made easily with the Center Lathe Machine.
  3. Time Consuming.
  4. Accuracy of the Center Lathe Machine is very high.

Disadvantages:-

The disadvantages of the Center Lathe Machine are listed below,

  1. The initial cost is high.
  2. Skilled labor needed to operate.

Vertical lathe machine uses:

The Vertical Lathe Machine another name is Vertical Turing Lathe. The Vertical Lathe Machine is a machine tool which is raising the spindle of the machine tool in the plane which is situated vertically.

The complexity of the Vertical Lathe Machine is less compare to the horizontal lathe machine. The workpiece of the Vertical Lathe Machine can moving up, spin and also moving down to establish it in the row by the cutting head.The uses for the Vertical lathe machine are listed below,

  • Bore repairing
  • 4th Axis Machining
  • Press Plate Machining
  • Production Runs
  • Valve repairing
  • Three Dimensional Painting
  • Part Mapping
  • Casting Machining

Advantages:-

The advantages of the Vertical Lathe Machine is listed below,

  1. The construction of the vertical lathe machine is rigid.
  2. Stable performance.
  3. Efficiency of Vertical Lathe Machine is very high.
  4. Chips of the products can be removed easily.
  5. Time consuming.
  6. Medium volume production can be made with Vertical Lathe Machine.

Disadvantages:-

The disadvantages of the Vertical Lathe Machine is listed below,

  1. Heavy weight product cannot be work with the Vertical Lathe Machine.
  2. Skilled operator required to operate.

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Indrani Banerjee

Hi..I am Indrani Banerjee. I completed my bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering. I am an enthusiastic person and I am a person who is positive about every aspect of life. I like to read Books and listen to music. Let's connect through LinkedIn-https://www.linkedin.com/in/indrani-banerjee-2487b4214

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