Is Interjection A Part Of Speech: 3 Facts(Uses, Types & Examples)


Each and every word of any sentence can be categorized under any part of speech. Let us check “interjections” are parts of speech or not.

Interjections can be certainly considered a part of speech in the English language as they are small words or combinations of words that can also be termed “expressions”. Interjections help us to exclaim our emotions in various situations.

Let us check various facts and explanations related to the part of speech, “interjections.”

Uses of interjections as a part of speech-

It is quite boring to use long sentences to express our emotions in various situations. Let us see how we can use the part of speech, “interjections” to express our feelings.

Interjections are words or combinations of small words which help us to exclaim our emotions, feelings, etc. in different aspects instead of using a long complex sentence for exclamation. Now, we will go through various uses of interjections as a part of speech.

Uses of interjections as a part of speechExampleExplanation
1. “Surprise”Wow! You look stunning in your wedding gown! The interjection “wow” is used to show the “surprise” of the speaker at the look of the addressed person.
2. “Excitement”Aww! I am so excited to attend your wedding as you are my best friend.The interjection “aww” is used to show the “excitement” of the speaker about his or her friend’s wedding.
3. “Joy”/”Happiness”Hurrah! I am going abroad to present my lecture to scholars.The interjection “hurrah” is used to show the “happiness” of the speaker about his or her presentation.
4. “Sorrow”/”Sadness”Uh! It is really sad that you have lost the race but you must keep trying.The interjection “uh” is used to show the “sorrow” of the speaker about the loss of the speaker in the race.
5. “Disgust”/”Irritation”Err! Do not call me again for that freaking home loan. The interjection “err” is used to show the “irritation” of the speaker about the phone call about the home loan.
6. “Call” SomeoneHey! Come this way to have a tasty breakfast.The interjection “hey” is in use to call the addressed person for a tasty breakfast.
7. “Greet” SomeoneHello! We must be pleased with the outcome of our previous project. The speaker used the interjection “hey” to greet the addressed person.
8. “Applaud” Well done! You have done a great job by saving those orphan children!The speaker used the interjection “well done” to applause the addressed person for his or her noble job.
9. “Approve” or “Deny”No! You must not go out this late at night without a guardian.The speaker used the interjection “no” to deny an activity of the addressed person.
Uses of Interjections

Types of interjection-

We must categorize interjections into some particular groups to make sure they are used in the correct manner. Let us learn various types of interjections.

Interjections can be divided into various types in two manners. The first manner is to divide interjections according to the “parts of speech” and the second manner is to divide the interjections according to the emotion they conveyed in the sentence.

Types of Interjections according to “parts of speech”-

Types of “Interjections” according to the emotion they convey in a sentence –

Primary Group of Interjections –

The Concept of Primary Group of InterjectionsExampleExplanation
The primary group of interjections is solely interjections and can never be part of any other type of part of speech.Oh, what a silly mistake you have committed by not scoring the goal!The interjection “oh!” is used to show “sorrow” about a silly mistake that the addressed person has made.
Alas, wow, blah, huh, gee, yum, oh, hmm, etc. can be categorized under the type of “primary group of interjections”.Hmm, I think I am going to consider your business proposal.The interjection “hmm!” is used to show “approval” of a business proposal that the addressed person has submitted to the speaker.
Primary Group of Interjections

Secondary Group of Interjections –

The Concept of Secondary Group of InterjectionsExampleExplanation
Certain words which can be part of more than one part of speech in the English language, including “interjections,” come under the category of “secondary group of interjections.”Indeed! You have certainly done a noble job, and you must be awarded for this.The secondary group of the interjection “indeed!” is in use to “applaud” the addressed person.
Awesome, goodness, oh my god, etc. can be categorized under the secondary group of interjections.Oh my god! What a mess you have created in your study room.The secondary group of interjections, “Oh my god!” is used to express the emotion of “surprise” by the speaker.
Secondary Group of Interjections

Interjections to show “surprise”-

The Concept of “Interjections” to Show “Surprise”ExampleExplanation
What, oh, ha, etc. comes under this group as they are used to express the emotion of “surprise” by the speaker.What! I can not believe that you have done this excellent painting.The interjection “what” is used to show the “surprise” of the speaker about an excellent painting.
Interjections to show “surprise”

Interjections to show “excitement”-

The Concept of “Interjections” to Show “Excitement”ExampleExplanation
Hurrah, humph, yap, etc. come under this group as they are used to express the emotion of “excitement” by the speaker.Hurrah! We are going on a summer vacation with our grandparents.The interjection “hurrah” is used to show the “excitement” of the speaker about the summer vacation.
Interjections to show “excitement”

Interjections to show “joy/happiness”-

The Concept of “Interjections” to Show “ Joy/Happiness “ExampleExplanation
Great, bingo, yum, etc. come under this group as they are used to express the emotion of “joy or happiness” by the speaker.Bingo! I have finally completed my dream project.The interjection “bingo” is used to show the “happiness” of the speaker about the dream project.
Interjections to show “joy/happiness”

Interjections to show “sorrow”/”sadness” –

The Concept of “Interjections” to Show “ Sorrow/SadnessExampleExplanation
Alas, oh god, etc. conjunctions come under this category because they express the emotion “sorrow or sadness” of the speaker.Alas! We lost the match instead of putting in our best effort to win it.The interjection “alas” is used to show the “sadness” of the speaker about the loss of the match.
Interjections to show “sorrow”/”sadness”

Interjections to show “disgust”/”irritation”-

The Concept of “Interjections” to Show “Disgust/Irritation “ExampleExplanation
Err, uff, whew, etc. come under this category as they express the emotion “disgust” or “irritation” of the speaker.Err! Your dress is not looking appropriate for this wedding.The interjection “err” is used to show the “irritation of the speaker about the dress of the addressed person.
Interjections to show “disgust”/”irritation”

Interjections to “call” someone –

The Concept of “Interjections” to “Call” SomeoneExampleExplanation
Hey, hello, etc. come under this category as they are used to calling someone.Hey! Can you not listen to the horn that the ambulance has been giving for the last five minutes?The speaker used the interjection “hey” to call the addressed person.
Interjections to “call” someone

Interjections to “greet” someone –

The Concept of “Interjections” to “Greet” SomeoneExampleExplanation
Good morning, good evening, etc. come under this group as they are used to “greet” someone.Good morning! Let us go to the left side of the park for the morning walk.The speaker used the interjection “good morning” to greet the addressed person.
Interjections to “greet” someone

Interjections to “applaud” someone –

The Concept of “Interjections” to “Applaud” SomeoneExampleExplanation
Bravo, well done, etc. come under this group as they are mainly used to applaud someone.Bravo! You have really shown a brave spirit.The speaker used the interjection “bravo” to applaud someone.
Interjections to “applaud” someone

Interjections to “approve” or “deny”-

The Concept of “Interjections” to “Approve/deny” ExampleExplanation
Yes, no, etc. come under this group as they are mainly used to approve or deny any person or any activity.Nope! You are not at all allowed to cook the food.The speaker used the interjection “nope” to deny an activity.
Interjections to “approve” or “deny”

Examples of interjections as a part of speech-

Now, we will go through sentences that are framed with different types of “interjections”.

ExampleType of InterjectionExplanation
1. Wow! The cover of this book is really well designed.“Primary Group of Interjections”The interjection “wow” is truly an interjection and can never be part of any other type of part of speech.
2.Listen! For some reason, the person next door is calling you.“Secondary Group of Interjections”The word “listen” is can play two roles. On one side it is a “verb” but it is in use as an interjection”.
3. How nice a bouquet if you have framed it to give to the couple!“Interjections to show surprise””The speaker used the interjection “how” to show surprise about the bouquet.
4. Yippee! We have received five free tickets to watch the cricket match.“Interjections to show excitement”The speaker used the interjection “yippee” to show excitement about the cricket match.
5. Hurray! We’ll be watching the football game from the VIP Closet. Interjections to show joy/happiness”The speaker used the interjection “hurray” to show happiness about the football match.
6.Alas! I missed the last train to go home.Interjections to show sorrow”/”sadness”The speaker used the interjection “alas” to express sorrow.
7.Aww! This food stinks badly.Interjections to show disgust”/”irritation”The speaker used the interjection “aww” to show disgust about the smell of the food item.
8. Look! You must not interrupt me while I am discussing the topic with the receptionist.Interjections to call someone”The speaker used the interjection “look” to address the addressed person.
9. Congratulations! You have come far from that abandoned stage of your childhood days.Interjections to greet someone” The speaker used the interjection “congratulation” to greet the addressed person about his or her success.  
10. Well done! You have knitted the dress very neatly.Interjections to applaud someone”The speaker used the interjection “well done” to applaud the addressed person for his or her knitting skills.
11. No! I can not permit you to do oil painting.Interjections to approve or deny”The speaker used the interjection “no” to deny an activity of the addressed person.
Examples of Interjections

Conclusion –

We must make a note of the point that the “interjections” never play any grammatical role in the main clause. They are just some expressions that share common emotions with the main clause.

Arpita Bose Roy

Hey! I am Arpita Bose Roy. My qualifications are M.A. in English with  B. Ed. in both general education and special education. I have 2 years of experience as a "language analyst" at IIT Kharagpur and 4 years of experience as an "Academic Content Developer" at IIT Kharagpur. Currently, I am working as an academic writer at Lambdageeks. Let's connect through LinkedIn-https://www.linkedin.com/mwlite/in/arpita-bose-roy-0aa32553

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