Is Adjective A Relative Adjective? 5 Facts(Read This First!)


An adjective that is a modifying word can be used as a relative adjective. 

An adjective is surely a relative adjective. It introduces a clause. It is used in a sentence to join two independent clauses and qualifies an antecedent i.e. noun or a pronoun. An adjective can be used as a relative adjective. It will definitely answer the question ‘is adjective a relative adjective.

What are relative adjectives?

Relative adjectives are relative pronouns that are used in sentences as adjectives to modify nouns or pronouns.These adjectives are called relative adjectives because they make relation to the nouns or pronouns that have already been mentioned.

The most common and recognised relative adjectives are who, which, where, whom, whose, that, what etc.

Ex- I do not see the shirt which you bought yesterday.

Explanation- In this above example the word ‘which’ falls into the category of relative adjective. It joins the two sentences and modifies the noun ‘shirt’ that is an antecedent.

Ex- This is the boy who has scored highest marks in English.

Explanation- In the above example the word ‘who’ joins two simple sentences i.e. ‘this is the boy’ and ‘he scored highest marks in English’. Thus it introduces a clause and it qualifies the antecedent ‘boy’.

When is an adjective a relative adjective?

An adjective is relative when it is used to modify nouns and introduces relative clauses. A relative adjective helps us to join two or more simple sentences to make a complex one. We can also use a relative adjective to establish a relationship with the antecedent i.e. a noun or a pronoun.

Ex- The place where you live is not known to me.

Explanation- Here the word ‘where’ is a relative adjective. Its function is to join the two simple sentences and introduce a clause. It modifies the antecedent ‘place’.

Ex- Do you know the man whose picture is in the newspaper?

Explanation- In this sentence the word ‘whose’ comes under relative adjective. It modifies the antecedent ‘man’ and introduces a relative clause.

Why is an adjective a relative adjective?

We call an adjective a relative adjective because it establishes a relationship with two or more sentences together. Besides modifying a noun, noun phrase or a pronoun an adjective relates the sentences and introduces clauses.

Ex- Tanmoy whose brother is a brilliant student is into Presidency College.

Explanation-The above sentence contains a relative adjective i.e. ‘whose’. It acts as a relative adjective by joining two sentences and introducing a clause.

How is an adjective relative adjective?

An adjective is a relative adjective. A relative adjective is a pronominal adjective that introduces a clause. It can qualify an antecedent. It joins the simple sentences and helps to make a complex sentence.

Ex- We remember the days when we enjoyed the picnic.

Explanation- Here the word ‘when’ comes under a relative adjective. It joins two sentences i.e. ‘we remember the days.’ and ‘we enjoyed the picnic.’ The relative adjective modifies the antecedent ‘days’.

Ex- We have a flower garden where different types of flowers bloom.

Explanation- In the above sentence the word ‘where’ is a relative adjective that introduces a relative adjective and modifies the antecedent ‘garden’.

Use of relative adjective in sentences:

The relative adjective introduces a clause. Let’s see how relative adjectives act in the following sentences.

  1. Tapas is my best friend who stayed with me last night’
  2. Everybody knows the boy whose father works in a national company.
  3. The students who study attentively can shine in life.
  4. There is a school where you read.
  5. We should avoid pizza, which is not a healthy food.
  6. The girls whose names are on the list will be given prizes.
  7. Pradeep who is a student of class viii knows narration change very well.
  8. I visited the town where many monuments were built.
  9. Do you know the boy whose picture is on the wall?
  10. The cake which my father bought was delicious.
  11. This is the girl whom he loves.

Detailed explanations:

Ex- Tapas is my best friend who stayed with me last night’.

Explanation- Here the word ‘who’ is a relative adjective. It introduces relative clauses by joining two simple sentences i.e. ‘Tapas is my best friend.’ and ‘He stayed with me last night.’ It also modifies the antecedent ‘friend’ here.

                   Ex- Everybody knows the boy whose father works in a national company.

Explanation- In the above sentence the word ‘whose’ falls into the category of  relative adjective. It joins two simple sentences i.e.’ Everybody knows the boy.’ and ‘ ‘His father works in a national company.’ It again modifies the incident ‘boy’.

Ex- The students who study attentively can shine in life.

Explanation- The above example shows that the word ‘who’ acts as a relative adjective and introduces a clause. It modifies the antecedent ‘students’.

Ex-There is a school where you read.

Explanation- Here we see an example of a relative adjective. In this sentence the word ‘where’ has been used as a relative adjective.  It introduces a clause and it also modifies the antecedent ‘school’.

Ex- We should avoid pizza, which is not a healthy food.

Explanation- In this sentence the word ‘which’ joins the two sentences i.e. ‘we should avoid pizza.’ and ‘it is not a healthy food.’ It introduces a clause and modifies the antecedent ‘pizza’.

Ex- The girls whose names are on the list will be given prizes.

Explanation- Here we find a word ‘whose’ that acts as a relative adjective. It joins two sentences i.e. ‘The girls will be given prizes.’ and ‘their names are on the list.’ It modifies the antecedent ‘girls’ that precede it.

Ex- Pradeep who is a student of class viii knows narration change very well.

Explanation- In this above sentence we see the mention of the word ‘who’. It is an example of a relative adjective. It introduces a clause by joining two sentences and modifies the antecedent ‘Pradeep’.

Ex-I visited the town where many monuments were built.

Explanation- The example cited above deals with a relative adjective. The relative adjective is ‘where’. It joins two simple sentences i.e. ‘I Visited the town.’ and ‘many monuments were built there.’ The relative adjective introduces a clause and modifies the antecedent ‘town’.

Ex- Do you know the boy whose picture is on the wall?

Explanation- In this sentence the word ‘whose’ comes under relative adjective. It introduces a clause. It modifies the antecedent ‘boy’.

Ex- The cake which my father bought was delicious.

Explanation- Here we come across a relative adjective. In this sentence the relative adjective is ’which’. It joins the two simple sentences ‘The cake was delicious.’ and ‘my father bought the cake.’ Thus it introduces a clause and modifies the antecedent ‘cake’.

Ex- This is the girl whom he loves.

Explanation- In this explanation the word ‘whom’ is a relative adjective that introduces a clause. It acts as a modification of the antecedent ‘girl’.

Conclusion

This article will certainly help the readers to learn about relative adjectives. We will also know the right usages of the relative adjectives through examples and their detailed explanations.

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