Most species are indigenous; only 1% belong to other non-indigenous species. In this article, we get to know about indigenous species and their examples.
Indigenous species examples are bear, lion, deer, mouse, these native species are naturally or through the evolution occurs in different region without human intervention or activity. These species need to migrate or change their habitats, and they are not present in the same place where they first get evolved. Human activities affect other species over time, but those are not considered indigenous species.
Every species in the world belong to a particular region or habitat, such as kangaroos only found in Australia and pandas in China. Still, species such as lions can occur in Africa and Asia. They may change their habitat due to ecological or environmental effects (climate changes); this phenomenon is indigenous or native species that can only be naturally found in more than one place.
Zoological names are Castor Canadensis and Castor fiber. The beaver is the second-largest rodent species native to North America, Europe, and Asia. It is a native species of North America, but later they were found all over Europe and Asia.
Zoological name Phascolarctos cinereus. A herbivorous bear is native to South Australia. They are closely related to wombats. Also, this attractive species is a national symbol of Australia and have unique characteristics that they can survive with less water, are picky eaters, sleep a lot, have extra junk in the trunk, have a remarkable ability to smell, etc.
The zoological name is Columba livia domestica. Pigeons are a common bird that native to North Africa, the Middle East and Europe around. These species migrated by humans in the 1600s as food and birds for commercial purposes. Now their many wild varieties of this species all over the world.
The zoological name is Sciurus carolinensis Gmelin. Squirrels are indigenous or native to America, Europe, and Africa. Later they were domesticated by humans in Australia. They are found in grey, red, and brown colours and mostly live on trees. The squirrel’s fossil is the earliest rodent species and is closely related to beaver and dormice.
Zoological name is Canis latrans. The coyote is the native species of North America. It’s closely related to wolves and dogs. Their role in the ecosystem is responsive, not invasive. They are wild, but some people have succeeded in raising them as domestic pets.
The zoological name is Ursus arctos. The bear is a large native species found across the world, and it originated in Europe and Asia around 5 million years ago during the Late Miocene Epoch. Initially, they developed as black bears of smaller size, but eventually, they evolved into sizeable polar bears. They are carnivorous animals found in different colours, habitats, shapes and sizes. Presently, many bear species are found in diversity in Europe, Asia and North America.
Botanical name is Bouteloua dactyloides. Buffalo grass is one of the indigenous plant species native to Canada, Mexico, and the United States. It’s a short grass that mainly occurs on prairie plains. This grass appears in the warm season and dioeciously with joint roots, which spread like dense mats.
The zoological name is Axis axis. Deer are indigenous all over the world except in Australia and Antarctica. Chital deer are native species to the Indian sub-continent, which originated in Europe and Asia in the 19th century. In Axis deer, various dusk species are found where males are more robust and taller than females and have unique white spots present on their upper part of the body.
Zoological name is Vulpes vulpes. Fox are indigenous to Europe, Asia, North Africa and the boreal regions of North America. Initially originating in Australia and temperate areas of North America then, foxes are widely spread across the world. They are closely related to the wolf, and its appearance is a small to medium-sized dog with long fur, pointed ears and a narrow snout.
The zoological name is Elephas maximus. Elephants are indigenous species to Africa, Europe and Asia. It originated in Africa around 60 million years ago, and the Indian elephant breed is genetically evolved from them. It’s the largest animal on land and the only existing member of the family, Elephantidae. Morphologically, they have long ears, a big trunk and unique pair of teeth and a slow birth rate. Naturally, it is a herbivorous and domestic animal.
The zoological name is Panthera leo. The lion is a large cat and a predatory animal native to Africa and India. It is assumed that lions firstly evolved in southern and eastern Africa. But, due to tectonic plate movement, which moves and was attached to the south part of Asia thus, lion species presently occurs in both these places.
Zoological name is Ailuropoda melanoleuca. Panda bears are endemic species to China. It’s closely related to bears. These cute and lazy species are herbivorous, especially eat bamboo and live on these trees.
Frequently Asked Questions:
What do you mean by indigenous species?
A group of Species that occur naturally present in an ecosystem without any human disturbance and approach.
What is indigenous species of plant?
A Plant that naturally grows or adapts natural habitat in the ecosystem where humans do not plant is referred to as indigenous species.
What is endemic or indigenous species?
Endemic species are those native species that only belong to a particular place, and indigenous species can be naturally spread worldwide but not by humans.
What types of plants and animals are called indigenous?
A native or indigenous species found in a particular region or ecosystem result from the natural evolution process. These species may change their habitat and adapt to new environments to survive natural disasters.