3 Facts On Independent Clause With Subordinating Conjunction


Independent clause with subordinating conjunction and related FAQs in this article will help you to clear your concept about ‘Subordinate Conjunction’.

Subordinate conjunctions help a dependent clause or an independent clause to add with another independent clause. ‘Subordinate Conjunctions’ are also called ‘Subordinators’.

What is independent clause with subordinating conjunction?

Independent Clause – An independent clause is a clause or word group which is not dependent on any other word group for subject, verb and predicate. In short, it is complete in itself and can attach any other independent clause or dependent clause with itself with conjunctions.

Conjunctions – Conjunctions which join an independent clause or dependent clause with another independent clause can be divided in two types.

First Type – Co-ordinating Conjunctions

Example of co-ordinating conjunctions –  As, Also, Or, Otherwise etc.

Second Type – Subordinating Conjunctions

Example of subordinating conjunctionsTill, Until, After, Before, When, Since, Because, In order that etc.

Example of ‘Independent Clause’ with ‘Subordinate ‘Conjunctions’ – I have not met with Pijush since I came from Delhi.

Explanation – Here, the word group ‘I came from Delhi’ has been attached with the independent clause with the help of subordinate conjunction ‘since’.

Independent clause with subordinating conjunction uses –

We can use independent clause with subordinate conjunction in two ways.

independent clause with subordinating conjunction
Five Examples of Independent Clause with Subordinate Conjunctions

First Way – To add a dependent clause with the independent clause with the help of subordinate conjunction.

Example – I will shout unless you leave.

Explanation – Here, the word group ‘you leave’ is a dependent clause. This dependent clause is attached with the independent clause ‘I will shout’ with the help of subordinate conjunction ‘unless’.

Second Way – To add an independent clause with the independent clause with the help of subordinate conjunction.

Example – I will shout unless you leave from this apartment.

Explanation – Here, the word group ‘you leave from this apartment.’ is an independent clause. This independent clause is attached with the independent clause ‘I will shout’ with the help of subordinate conjunction ‘unless’.

How to use independent clause with subordinating conjunction?

Let’s go through use of independent clause with various group of subordinating conjunctions.

First Group –

Subordinate conjunctions which denote ‘Time’ belong to first group. Subordinate Conjunctions which denote ‘Time’ are

1. Till

2. Until

3. Before

4. When

5. While

6. Since

Example – My father came from office  when I went to take tuition from Mathematics teacher.

Explanation – Here, the subordinate conjunction ‘when’ is denoting a particular time and connecting two independent clauses.

Second Group –

Subordinate conjunctions which denote ‘Cause’ or ‘Reason’ come under second group. Subordinate Conjunctions which denote ‘Cause’ or ‘Reason’ are

1. As, Since

2. Because

Example – I am not going to play the music because my father doesn’t like to hear loud music.

Explanation – Here, the subordinate conjunction ‘because’ is denoting a particular ‘Cause’ and connecting two independent clauses.

Third  Group –

Subordinate conjunctions which denote  ‘Purpse’ come under third group. Subordinate Conjunctions which denote ‘Purpose’ are

1. That, in order that, so that

2. Lest

Example – Sandip must teach me English lest I will not present my power point presentation.

Explanation – Here, the subordinate conjunction ‘lest’ is denoting a particular ‘Purpose’ and connecting two independent clauses.

Fourth  Group –

Subordinate conjunctions which denote  ‘Apposition’ come under fourth group. Subordinate Conjunctions which denote ‘Apposition’ is ‘that’.

Example –  Mina wrote to my family that she will be here in fortnight.

Explanation – Here, the subordinate conjunction ‘that’ is denoting ‘ Apposition’ and connecting two independent clauses.

Fifth  Group –

Subordinate conjunctions which denote  ‘Condition’ come under fifth  group. Subordinate Conjunctions which denote ‘Condition’ are

1. If

2. Unless

3. Whether-or-not

4. Provided

Example – I like to go for a vacation if my family allows me to go alone.

Explanation – Here, the subordinate conjunction ‘if’ is denoting a particular ‘Condition’ and connecting two independent clauses.

Sixth  Group –

Subordinate conjunctions which denote  ‘Effect’ come under  sixth  group. Subordinate Conjunctions which denote ‘Effect’ are

  1. So-that
  2. Such-that

Example – My father worked so hard that he forgot to buy a pair of dress for him.

Explanation – Here, the subordinate conjunction ‘so-that’ is denoting a particular ‘Effect’ and connecting two independent clauses.

Seventh  Group –

Subordinate conjunctions which denote  ‘Comparison’ come under  sixth  group. Subordinate Conjunctions which denote ‘Comparison’ are

  1. As-as
  2. Than
  3. So-as

Example – Each and every child wants to be as tall as his or father.

Explanation – Here, the subordinate conjunction ‘As-as’  is denoting a particular ‘Comparison’ and connecting one dependent clause with another independent clause.

Eighth  Group –

Subordinate conjunctions which denote  ‘Manner’ come under  sixth  group. Subordinate Conjunctions which denote ‘Manner’ are

  1. As-so
  2. According as
  3. As if, as though

Example – You are behaving as if you are the princess of your locality.

Explanation – Here, the subordinate conjunction ‘As-if’ is denoting a particular ‘Manner’ and connecting one dependent clause with another independent clause.

Ninth  Group –

Subordinate conjunctions which denote  ‘Concession’ come under  sixth  group. Subordinate Conjunctions which denote ‘Concession’ are

  1. Though (Although)
  2. As
  3. However
  4. 4. Whoever
  5. Whatever

Example – However weak you are, you have to lift your school bag

Explanation – Here, the subordinate conjunction ‘However’ is denoting a particular ‘Concession’ and connecting one dependent clause with another independent clause.

Independent clause with subordinating conjunction examples –

Let’s look at examples  subordinate conjunctions which connect two ‘Independent Clauses’ to frame one sentence.

  1. I will go to school after my mother fed me with lunch.
  2. Although I have been here before, the place is too beautiful to resist.
  3. As I like to eat sweet, I went to buy some sweets from the shop.
  4. I don’t care about your earning as long as you are earning in an honest way.
  5. Pijush is going to abroad because he likes to study in abroad.
  6. I will cook lunch for my mother before I leave for college.
  7. Sandip is waiting for his best friend since he understood his fault.
  8. I continue my hard work until my hard work brings my fortune.
  9. I like to read books while I eat my dinner.
  10. Pijush likes to spend sometime at a place where he can find ‘peace of mind’.

Explanation – In these ten examples of subordinate conjunctions, we can see both the clauses are independent clauses.

Conclusion –

Let’s look at a brief look at the difference between co-ordinating conjunction and subordinating conjunction. Co-ordinating conjunctions helps to connect word groups which share same rank while subordinate conjunction helps a dependent clause or dependent word group with the independent clause.

Arpita Bose Roy

Hey! I am Arpita Bose Roy. My qualifications are M.A. in English with  B. Ed. in both general education and special education. I have 2 years of experience as a "language analyst" at IIT Kharagpur and 4 years of experience as an "Academic Content Developer" at IIT Kharagpur. Currently, I am working as an academic writer at Lambdageeks. Let's connect through LinkedIn-https://www.linkedin.com/mwlite/in/arpita-bose-roy-0aa32553

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