How To Use A Lathe Machine: CNC, Wood, Center, Vertical Lathe Machine


In this article, the topic “How to use a lathe machine” will be discussed. The lathe machine can be describe as, a tool which spin around the workpiece above its axis to make many types of activities.

The manual lathe machine is works in some steps. The steps are listed below,

How to use a lathe machine steps are discussed:-

Preparation of the place and machine:-

  • At the beginning E – stop need to press.
  • The lathe machine need to clear and clean.
  • Workpiece should be secure.
  • The cutting tool should be chooses as per operation and then need to install.
  • In the next step the speed for the material and cutter need to determine in RPM (Revolution per minute).
  • After that, handwheel is a use for rotating the chuck of the lathe machine to verify for frictions.
  • The speed monitor turns into the lowest number.
  • At the final stages need to fix the lever into the condition of the forward.

Making the cut:-

  • Need to start the machine of the lathe.
  • Relief the E – stop.
  • Press the start button.
  • The speed range of the lever of the spindle is move from high to low or low to high.
  • In the next step the speed for the material and cutter need to determine in RPM (Revolution per minute).
  • After that, the cutting tool of the manual lathe machine move close to the starting point from where operation should be start.
  • The cutting tool mildly involved.
  • The first deduction pass is created.
  • At the final stage X axis and Z axis make in zero point.
  • The speed range of the lever of the spindle is move to the center thus the movement of the spindle can be stop.

Cleanup:-

  • E – Stop need to press.
  • Workpiece is removed.
  • The area of the lathe machine and also the lathe machine is clean by the help of vacuum or brush but not with the compressed air.
  • In the cutting of the tool chips are forms that’s should be clean with brush.
  • Any type of coolant is spills for clean up. Put away tolls, tooling and drill bits.
how to use a lathe machine
Image – A metalworking lathe from 1911, showing component parts:
a: bed
b: carriage (with cross-slide and tool post)
c: headstock

d: back gear (other gear train nearby drives lead screw)
e: cone pulley for a belt drive from an external power source
f: faceplate mounted on spindle
g: tailstock
h: leadscrew;

Image Credit – Wikipedia

How to use a cnc lathe machine?

In the Computer Numerical Control precise design can be making in a short time for this reason in modern generation CNC lathe machine is widely used in the various industrial fields.

The Computer Numerical Control lathe machine is works in some steps. The steps are listed below,

  • At first we should confirm that the lathe machine is totally powered down. Any type of risk should not be taken by turning the lathe machine neither accident can be appearing.
  • Safely charge the part.
  • Need to choose and charge the tools.
  • In the correct way calibrate the parts and the tools of the lathe machine.
  • Enter and run the machine.

Advantages:-

The advantages of the Computer Numerical Control lathe machine is listed below,

  1. The machining process of the Computer Numerical Control lathe machine is more precise and accurate.
  2. To perform job in a workpiece takes very minimum time for this reason a medium volume production to high volume production easily can be make.
  3. Reliable
  4. Safe to operate.
  5. Complicated design can be made with the help of Computer Numerical Control lathe machine.
  6. Maintenance cost is low.
  7. Computer Numerical Control lathe machine can work for 24 hours.
  8. Versatile.
  9. Human errors are not possible because it is automated process.
  10. Huge numbers of labors are not needed to run the process.
  11. Uniform designs can be make.

Disadvantages:-

The disadvantages of the Computer Numerical Control lathe machine is listed below,

  1. Initial cost of the Computer Numerical Control lathe machine is too high.
  2. Skilled operator need to run the process.

Applications:-

The applications of the Computer Numerical Control lathe machine is listed below,

  1. In the industrial fields of the metal removal.
  2. In the industrial fields of the material fabrication.
  3. In the industrial fields of the non conventional.

Parts:-

The parts of the Computer Numerical Control lathe machine is listed below,

  1. Computer Numerical Control panel
  2. Tool Turret
  3. Chuck
  4. Headstock
  5. Computer Numerical Control lathe bed
  6. Foot switch
  7. Tailstock
  8. Tailstock Quill

How to use a wood lathe machine?

With the help of the wood lathe a various types of operations can be done such as sand down, metal cutting, metal shaping, drilling the materials and many more.

The Wood lathe machine is works in some steps. The steps are listed below,

  • At the starting of the operation with the wood lathe machine we need to clarify the main parts such as, head, motor, tailstock, tool test and changeable speed options.
  • In the next step everything should be set up. Set up plays an important role to the operating the wood lathe machine. The blades of the cutter maximum are made with stainless steel thus it should be have enough sharpness and contain right amount of compositions.
  • Now, the tool bits or blades place onto the tool – rest at the angle of 900 and should be a certain distance between the person and the tool bits to avoid accident from the woods which are flying during the operation.
  • To make a perfect piece of cylindrical shape need to shave the stock evenly over the all places.
  • Any types of dangling and loose products always keep away from the wood lathe machine to avoid any type of accident.

Advantages:-

The advantages of the Wood lathe machine is listed below,

  1. The initial cost of the wood lathe machine is not too high.
  2. Maintenance cost is low.
  3. High skilled labor not needed to work with wood lathe machine.
  4. Simple in design.
  5. Light weight.
  6. Models can be carrying so easily by this wood lathe machine.
  7. Rotation control of the effective pulley is easy.
  8. Working mechanism is simple.

Disadvantages:-

The disadvantages of the Wood lathe machine is listed below,

  1. Rotation speed of the pulley is very low.
  2. Wood lathe machine cannot work with heavy materials.

How to use a mini lathe machine?

The knurling tool is made with high amount of 45 # carbon steel. Knurling tool specially made only for the mini lathe machine.

Like its more familiar, and much larger cousin, a mini lathe is used to work and shape metal and wood on a much more intricate scale and was designed and built to help you to create the smaller things that combine beauty and functionality in equal measure.

How to use a metal lathe machine?

In the metal lathe machine the workpiece is placed over the headstock Using jaw chuck. Jaw chuck works as a holder.

The metal lathe machine is used to cutting the excess amount of material from the workpiece and gives a desired shape. The metal lathe is works by moving the workpiece in the region of a cutting tool.

Advantages:-

The advantages of the Metal lathe machine is listed below,

  1. Rotation speed of the pulley is very high.
  2. Heavy metal easily can work with Metal lathe machine.
  3. Study.
  4. Metal lathe machine control by automated.

Disadvantages:-

The disadvantages of the Metal lathe machine is listed below,

  1. Working mechanism of the metal lathe machine is very complicated.
  2. To operate the metal lathe machine skilled operator needed.
  3. Maintenance cost is high.

Frequent Asked Questions:-

Question: – Write any three types of operation done by lathe machine.

Solution: – The operation done by the lathe machine is discuss bellow,

Facing:-

On the lathe machine tool facing is acts as a facing tool for cutting a flat area perpendicular to the job’s rotational axis. A facing tool is situated into a tool holder that is rest on the carriage of the machine tool of the lathe.

After that the tool will be feed perpendicularly to the area’s rotational axis as it rotates in the jaw of the chuck. The user has the option for hand feeding the machine tool of the lathe while facing or the power feed option can be use.

Centering:-

Centering is a process of gripping the job into chuck of the machine tool of the lathe, face place and drive plate on the center portion of the lathe machine. The process of the center is needed for the workpiece concentric to the center for the machining into the cylindrical shaped.

Grooving:-

Grooving is an operation by which diameter is reduced of a workpiece in a very narrow space. With the help of groove tool the operation grooving is done. Grooving tool is almost same to the parting tool. It is frequently done at the part of the end of a thread or neighbouring to a shoulder to parting a small margin.

Indrani Banerjee

Hi..I am Indrani Banerjee. I completed my bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering. I am an enthusiastic person and I am a person who is positive about every aspect of life. I like to read Books and listen to music. Let's connect through LinkedIn-https://www.linkedin.com/in/indrani-banerjee-2487b4214

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