15 Facts on H2SO4 + Zn(NO3)2: What, How To Balance & FAQs

2SO4 + Zn(NO3)2 displays how the reaction between H­2SO4 and Zn(NO3)2 is happening. Let us discuss how Zn(NO3)2 reacts with H2SO4 in this article.

Zinc Nitrate [Zn(NO3)2] reacts with Sulphuric acid [H2SO4] to form salt and an acid. H2SO4 is an acid and a strong dehydrating agent common in organic chemistry as a dehydrator. Zn(NO3)2 is a colourless, crystalline inorganic compound that is soluble in both alcohol and water. It is found in its Zn(NO3)2.6H2O form.

This article will help you to learn about interesting facts of H­2SO4 + Zn(NO3)2, like reaction enthalpy, intermolecular forces and chemical equation as follows:

What is the product of H2SO4 and Zn(NO3)2

Zinc Sulphate (ZnSO4) and Nitric acid (HNO3) are the products formed in the H­2SO4 + Zn(NO3)2 reaction. The chemical equation for the reaction is,

Zn(NO3)2 + H2SO4­ = ZnSO4 + HNO3

What type of reaction is H2SO4­ + Zn(NO3)2

2SO4 + Zn(NO3)2 is a double displacement reaction.

How to balance H2SO4­ + Zn(NO3)2

2SO4 + Zn(NO3)2 balanced chemical equation is,

Zn(NO3)2 + H2SO4­ = ZnSO4 + 2HNO3

  • The unbalanced chemical equation for the given reaction is
  • Zn(NO3)2 + H2SO4­ = ZnSO4 + HNO3
  • To check whether the number of atoms present on the both sides of the chemical equation is equal or not.
  • Hydrogen, nitrogen and oxygen atom are not balanced, which can be corrected by multiplying a coefficient of 2 with HNO3.
  • Thus, the balanced chemical equation for H­2SO4 + Zn(NO3)2 is,
  • Zn(NO3)2 + H2SO4­ = ZnSO4 + 2HNO3

H2SO4­ + Zn(NO3)2 titration

Titration of H2SO4 and Zn(NO3)2 is not feasible as H2SO4 is an acid but Zn(NO3)2 is not a base and thus can not be titrated against sulphuric acid.

H2SO4­ + Zn(NO3)2 net ionic equation

2SO4 + Zn(NO3)2 net ionic equation is as follows;

No ReZn2+ (aq.) + 2NO3 (aq.) + 2H+ (aq.) + SO42- (aq.) = Zn2+ (aq.) + SO42- (aq.) + 2H+ (aq.) + 2NO3 (aq.)action

To obtain the net ionic equation, following steps should be obeyed:

  • Write down the general balanced molecular equation.
  • Zn(NO3)2 + H2SO4­ = ZnSO4 + 2HNO3
  • Specify each compound with its chemical state like solid, liquid or gas.
  • Zn(NO3)2 (aq.) + H2SO4­ (aq.) = ZnSO4 (aq.) + 2HNO3(aq.)
  • Break the electrolytic compounds into their ionic forms.
  • Eliminate the spectator ions present on the both sides of chemical equation. In our case, all the ions are spectator ions; therefore, this is a case of No Reaction.

H2SO4­ + Zn(NO3)2 conjugate pairs

The H­2SO4 + Zn(NO3)2 does not form a conjugate pair,

  • The conjugate pair of HNO3 is its conjugate base NO3.
  • Conjugate pair of H­2SO4 consists H­2SO4 and its conjugate base H­SO4.

H2SO4­ + Zn(NO3)2 intermolecular forces

2SO4 + Zn(NO3)2 reaction has the following intermolecular forces,

  • H2SO4 molecules contain hydrogen bonding between their molecules.

H2SO4­ + Zn(NO3)2 reaction enthalpy

2SO4 + Zn(NO3)2 reaction enthalpy is -4.27 kJ/mol. The standard enthalpy of formation for reactants and products is as follows:

MoleculesReaction enthalpy (in kJ/mol)
Reaction enthalpy of compounds

Therefore, ΔfH: (Standard enthalpy of formation of products) – (Standard enthalpy of formation of reactants)

ΔfH: [ -1063.16 – 207.36] – [-909.27 – 563.89]

ΔfH: -4.27 kJ/mol

Is H2SO4­ + Zn(NO3)2 a buffer solution

2SO4 + Zn(NO3)2 is not a buffer solution because a buffer solution contains weak acid with its conjugate base but here, H2SO4 is a strong acid.

Is H2SO4­ + Zn(NO3)2 a complete reaction

2SO4 + Zn(NO3)2 is a complete reaction and no further process is left.

Is H2SO4­ + Zn(NO3)2 an exothermic or endothermic reaction

2SO4 + Zn(NO3)2 is an exothermic reaction because its reaction enthalpy has slight but negative value.

Exothermic reaction graph

Is H2SO4­ + Zn(NO3)2 a redox reaction

2SO4 + Zn(NO3)2 is not a redox reaction. The oxidation states of compounds did not change during reaction progression.

Is H2SO4­ + Zn(NO3)2 a precipitation reaction

2SO4 + Zn(NO3)2 is not a precipitation reaction. All the products formed are in an aqueous state.

Is H2SO4­ + Zn(NO3)2 reversible or irreversible reaction

2SO4 + Zn(NO3)2 is an irreversible reaction under normal conditions of temperature and pressure.

Is H2SO4­ + Zn(NO3)2 displacement reaction

2SO4 + Zn(NO3)2 is a double displacement or salt metathesis reaction. H2 and Zn displace each other from their respective compounds to form new products.


This article concludes that ZnSO4 is an ionic compound formed during the reaction of H2SO4 and Zn(NO3)2. The ionic equation of H­2SO4 + Zn(NO3)2 does not exist as all the components are in an aqueous state. Nitric acid formed in the end should be separated out carefully.

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