Fungi Cell Walls and Protists Cell Walls: 7 Important Facts


Both of the protists and fungi are called to the lower level organism and are said to be under the Kingdom of Protists and fungi. Many protists live in aquatic habitats, and most are motile, or able to move

There is a main difference between the fungi cell walls and protists cell walls which surrounds the fact that the wall of the fungi is made of chitin while protists have the all made of cellulose or same polymers. Thus it can be said that the main difference for the fungi cell walls and protists cell walls is its composition.

Fungi are said to be the organisms that are multicellular while the other us called to be the unicellular ones. The protists tend to be shaped like the plants while the fungus looks like that of any species. There is much difference in both of the species with yet it can be said that the main difference for the fungi cell walls and protists cell walls is its composition.

Along with having many differences there is no much in common with some exceptions like they both are said to be much less organized along with comparison to the animals and plants. Both also have organelles like the ER and the Golgi apparatus There is much difference in both of the species with yet it can be said that the main difference for the fungi cell walls and protists cell walls is its composition.

 fungi cell walls and protists cell walls
Image credit-Cell wallWikipedia

Do both protists and fungi have cell walls?

The chromosome of both these organisms are seen in the nucleus of the cell. Some of the protists can be autotrophs and some be heterotrophs. Protists have nuclear membranes around their DNA. They also have other membrane-bound organelles.

Protists are the plant like shapes algae and fungi are the protists like that of the mold with both of them having a cell wall but the protists that are animal like the protozoa do not have one and thus it can be said that that the main difference for the fungi cell walls and protists cell walls is its composition.

The composition of both the cell wall do differ and also the ones like that of the oomycetes or the water molds can be either filamentous or also unicellular and might not as well have any chitin in the cell wall but do having a wall. There is much difference in both of the species with yet it can be said that the main difference for the fungi cell walls and protists cell walls is its composition

On talking in general about the protists they are organism having only one cell and mostly move via cilia and also have flagella or can be done by amoeboid state. Thus there is no cell wall but some do have one thus some being green. There is much difference in both of the species with yet it can be said that the main difference for the fungi cell walls and protists cell walls is its composition.

Similarities between fungi cell walls and protists cell walls

Both of them as an organism tend to be less organized that the higher level of organism like plant and animals with both having membrane guarding organelles.

The protists are said to have a cell wall with they being same to that of the plants having cellulose while the fungi have its made with chitin. Some of protists may have cell wall and some may not. There is much difference in both of the species with yet it can be said that the main difference for the fungi cell walls and protists cell walls is its composition.

There is thus not much same entity in both of the cell wall except these two species showing few of them. The cell wall of the fungus is much flexible in shape and also complex and has pigments, and also glycoproteins playing several use in having the cell its rigidity and also helps in exchange of ion and osmotic stress and the main difference for the fungi cell walls and protists cell walls is its composition.

Protist collage 2.jpg
Image credit-ProtistWikipedia

The protest is also said to look like a fungus and thus is smaller and slimier and tends to be much different that that of the fungi in all aspect. There is much difference in both of the species with yet it can be said that the main difference for the fungi cell walls and protists cell walls is its composition. Fungi has chitin while the protists have cellulose.

Are fungi cell walls and protists cell walls same?

Any cell wall is said to be the nonliving thing that covers the outer layer of the cell with varying in its contents according to organism. A cell has three main parts: the cell membrane, the nucleus, and the cytoplasm

Some of the cell wall can be permeable some semi permeable varying from the animals and also helps in separating of the inner contents from the outside world There is much difference in both of the species with yet it can be said that the main difference for the fungi cell walls and protists cell walls is its composition.

The cells wall trend to cover the plasma membrane and also tends to give a good strength to the cell protecting it from any pressure and thus the cell wall composition varies for all of the organism tending to link with its needs There is much difference in both of the species with yet it can be said that the main difference for the fungi cell walls and protists cell walls is its composition.

With this fact and for the fungi cell walls and protists cell walls differ is its composition along with also both of them being much differ in its place. They have separate kingdom as well and also fungi are multicellular and protists tend to be a unicellular one. All of the protists do not have a cell wall while all fungi do have one.

Difference between protists and fungi cell

An organism is said to be unicellular if it has a single cell and only called multicellular if has many cells. Cells are the basic building blocks of all living things. The human body is composed of trillions of cells

Earlier both of these were considered to be of the same group buy yet now have been categorized as different ones. Its identification is sad to be much recent with mostly different in the cell wall part and the main difference for the fungi cell walls and protists cell walls is its composition. The differed is-

ProtistsFungi
They are unicellular on most casesThese are multicellular organism
Some of these have a cell wall while rest don’tAll of the fungi have  a cell wall
The cell wall of it is made of cellulose and thus there is much difference in both of the species and can be said that the main difference for the fungi cell walls and protists cell walls is its composition.Cell wall is made of chitin and so there is much difference in both of the species with yet it can be said that the main difference for the fungi cell walls and protists cell walls is its composition
They can be autotrophs, saprophytes or parasites, other can be heterotrophs as wellThey can be only heterotrophs
Reproduction via asexual mode including the binary fission and also non asexual type being via the making of gametesThe mode of reproduction is always asexual and is dine via spores while the other type is done via mating
There is no septa madeThere is a septa that separate the hyphae of fungi and makes compartments for it
There are 3 types of being the algae mold and the protozoaIt has 7 phyla in here

The example of the protists include the algae, the amoeba, slime molds, green algae and euglena while the fungi include the Eomycota, the yeast, Nasidomycota and pichia. Protists are the eukaryotes seen in bearded eye and are not plant or animal or fungi There is much difference in both of the species with yet it can be said that the main difference for the fungi cell walls and protists cell walls is its composition.

The protozoans are the ones that lack a cell wall and also thus frame under the protists. Some fungi have septa and has a hypha with mostly being an autotroph or heterotrophs while fungi are capable of having it food from outer world. There is much difference in both of the species and can be said that the main difference for the fungi cell walls and protists cell walls is its composition.

A whitish fan or funnel-shaped mushroom growing at the base of a tree.
Image credit-FungusWikipedia

Do all fungi and protozoa have cell wall?

Protozoa are microscopic, one-celled organisms that can be free-living or parasitic in nature. They are able to multiply in humans, which contributes to their survival and also permits serious infections to develop from just a single organism.

The protozoa lack cell walls, are able to move at some stage of their life cycle, and ingest particles of food; however, some phytoflagellate protozoa are plantlike, obtaining their energy via photosynthesis. Protozoan cells contain the typical internal structures of an animal cell. There is much difference in both of the species and can be said that the main difference for the fungi cell walls and protists cell walls is its composition.

Protozoa are the animal-like protists. These unicellular eukaryotes lack cell walls. They are heterotrophic and feed on other microorganisms or on organic particles. Cells come in many shapes and sizes. Fungi, plants, animals, and bacteria each have unique cellular features and main difference for the fungi cell walls and protists cell walls is its composition. However, some protists have a cell wall.

Though all eukaryotic cells have organelles, a nucleus, and a plasma membrane, only plants and fungi have cell walls. These walls provide rigidity and structure to their cells. They also have cell walls and reproduce by forming spores, just like fungi. Fungus-like protists usually do not move, but a few develop movement at some point in their lives. These single-celled entities move with the help of flagella, cilia or amoeboid modes

What is the function of cell wall?

The cell wall surrounds the plasma membrane of plant cells and provides tensile strength and protection against mechanical and osmotic stress. It also allows cells to develop turgor pressure, which is the pressure of the cell contents against the cell wall

The cell wall is a rigid structure composed of cellulose that provides shape to the cell, helps keep the organelles inside the cell, and does not let the cell burst from osmotic pressure. The cell wall is composed of a network of cellulose microfibrils and cross-linking glycans and main difference for the fungi cell walls and protists cell walls is its composition. The function is-

  • Provides tensile strength and protection 
  • Also provide a semi-permeable surface for molecules to pass in and out of the cell
  • Protection against osmotic stress
  •  It facilitates growth by mitosis
  • It helps in reproduction
  • Provides energy and allows the transport of substances
  • It protects the protoplasm against mechanical injury
  • Provides protection to the cell and prevents from any physical damage
  • It controls intercellular transport
  • Allows cells to develop turgor pressure
  • It provides structure to the cell.
  • It prevents from osmotic bursting

The key difference between fungi and protozoa is that the fungi are mainly multicellular eukaryotic organisms while protozoa are unicellular eukaryotic organisms. Their cells are surrounded by cell walls made of cellulose, a type of carbohydrate. There is much difference in both of the species with yet it can be said that the main difference for the fungi cell walls and protists cell walls is its composition

Image credit-MitosisWikipedia

Conclusion

The cell membrane surrounds the cell and controls the substances that go into and out of it. There is much difference in both of the species with yet it can be said that the main difference for the fungi cell walls and protists cell walls is its composition and some protists have a cell wall.

ANKITA CHATTOPADHYAY

I am Ankita Chattopadhyay from Kharagpur. I have completed my BTech in Biotechnology from Amity University Kolkata. I am a Subject Matter Expert in Biotechnology and also a web content writer (freelancer). I have been keen in writing articles and also interested in Literature with having my writing published in a Biotech website and a book respectively. Along with these, I am also a Hodophile, a Cinephile and a foodie.

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