Electrical Energy To Wind Energy: How to Convert, When, Where And Facts


In this article, we shall discuss how the transformation of energy from electrical energy to wind energy takes place.

Electrical energy supplies the power to generate wind energy. The electrical energy is converted to mechanical energy that produces wind energy due to the abrasion of air on the object.

How are Electrical Energy and Wind energy related?

To produce wind energy there is a need of perturbing the state of the rest of the air molecules.

The electrical energy is used to produce the wind energy and the wind energy can generate electrical energy and both produces the mechanical energy as well.

How is Electrical energy converted to Wind energy?

The electrical energy can be easily converted to wind energy using a motor.

The motor set up circular rotational motion with mechanical energy that produces the wind energy and the power of the wind depends upon the number of rotations of the blade.

Electrical energy is used to produce mechanical activities or to run the propellers. The rotational motion of the propellers produces wind energy.

When Electrical Energy is converted to Wind energy?

The electrical energy is converted to wind energy only in presence of the mechanical energy.

The mechanical energy is very essential for the conversion to take place. The propellers set the air into motion by running through the volume of the air giving it kinetic energy to accelerate.

Where is Electrical Energy converted to Wind energy?

The conversion process basically happens in the air volume itself.

The electrical energy is converted into mechanical energy, which supplies kinetic energy to the air molecules to produce wind energy. A part of the energy is lost in the form of heat and sound.

Electrical Energy to Wind Energy Formula

The electrical energy is given by the formula E=qV where q is a total charge consumed and v is a potential difference.

We know that the current is measured in terms of change in the charge per unit time and is given as

I=q/t

Where I is current, t is time and q is a charge

Hence, q=It

Now, the electric energy in terms of current becomes,

E=ItV

The wind energy is given by the formula as

Where P is wind energy,

A is a cross-sectional area

V is the velocity of air in a cubic volume

p is a density of air

The electrical energy changes to wind energy and a part of the energy are lost then

This heat energy is equal to Q=mcpΔT[/latex]

But the amount of heat produced is very less so we can neglect it here.

Hence, the velocity of the air for electrical energy generated can be calculated using the formula

The velocity of the air is a cubic root of

Electrical Energy to Wind Energy Efficiency

The efficiency of the electrical energy to wind energy is defined as the total wind energy produced by using the total electrical energy supplied to the device.

Here we are interest in the efficiency between the electrical energy to wind energy produced, that is,

Hence we can calculate the efficiency of electrical energy to wind energy using the above formula.

Electrical Energy to Wind Energy Examples

Here is a list of examples of electrical energy to wind energy:-

Ceiling Fans

An easy example of electrical energy converted to wind energy is ceiling fans.

electrical energy to wind energy
Ceiling Fan; Image Credit: pixabay

On application of the electric current, the electric power accelerates the fan into rotational motion providing the wind.

Table Fans

The electric motor used in a table fan starts rotating and along with it the propellers of the fan accelerate due to which the wind energy is produced throwing the air with the kinetic energy.

Exhaust Fans

These fans are used to remove the gas full of carbon dioxide from the room and help in ventilation. This also works on the electrical energy converting it to wind energy.

Cooler

The cooler drives the cold air in the room and is hence beneficial during summers. It mainly works on the compression of the water molecules evaporated from the volume of the water, cooling and then releasing the cool air in the room.

Air Conditioner

Here also the liquid oxygen is produced by compressing the oxygen filtered from the outside air, cooling down the liquid oxygen, and then expanding the liquid to gaseous form and releasing cool air into the surrounding.

Air conditioner; Image Credit: pixabay

Electric Vehicle in Motion

When the electric vehicles are in motion, the wind energy is produced due to the abrasion of the wind on the surface of the vehicle.

Windmills

The windmill converts the wind energy into electrical energy and these rotations and intensified by using a motor on the shaft. This increases the power generated from the windmill.

Turbines

The rotating turbine on electrical energy produces wind power by converting the mechanical energy generated.

Mixture

The blades of the mixture start rotating upon turning on the electric supply. This rotational motion gives wind and vibrational energy too. This wind energy is produced from the machine of the mixture too due to the rotating motor.

Drone

The motors of the drone rotate due to the power supply. The trust applied on the ground to lift the drone upward is due to the wind energy that is produced by the rotating propellers of a drone.

Drone; Image Credit: pixabay

CPU

The central processing unit of the computer has a small fan that drains out the heat produced by running the computer for a long.

Hairdryer

It has an electric fan that rotates and blows out the hot wind.

Vacuum Cleaner

It has an electric motor that runs the fan and forces the air in the direction of the exhaust port and collects the dust from the air gushing in.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the wind energy in the area of 60 sq.m if the wind speed is 3m/s and the density of the air is 1.165 kg/m3?

Given: A =60sq.m

V =3m/s

p=1.165kg/m3

Using the equation for the wind energy, we have,

The wind energy in this locality is 314.55 J.

What is the efficiency of the electrical energy of 95 Joules producing the wind energy with the air running at a speed of 3m/s in a square shape room of 15m?

Given: length of the room l=15m

E=95J

V =3m/s

Density of the air is p=1.165kg/m3

Area of the room is

l2=152=2252

Hence, the efficiency is

The efficiency of the electrical energy to wind energy is found to be 37.24%.

AKSHITA MAPARI

Hi, I’m Akshita Mapari. I have done M.Sc. in Physics. I have worked on projects like Numerical modeling of winds and waves during cyclone, Physics of toys and mechanized thrill machines in amusement park based on Classical Mechanics. I have pursued a course on Arduino and have accomplished some mini projects on Arduino UNO. I always like to explore new zones in the field of science. I personally believe that learning is more enthusiastic when learnt with creativity. Apart from this, I like to read, travel, strumming on guitar, identifying rocks and strata, photography and playing chess. Connect me on LinkedIn - linkedin.com/in/akshita-mapari-b38a68122

Recent Posts