15 Ecosystem Examples: Detailed Explanations

An ecosystem can be defined to be a geographic space where the animals, microbes, the pants, the climate and the landscape all work together.

It helps in making a life bubble. The ecosystem examples are-

Deciduous ecosystem

A Deciduous ecosystem examples forest that is deciduous is said to be a tree dominant area that shall shed its leaves on specific season and then help regrow the leaf at the beginning of the new growth season. It is one of the wide range of ecosystem examples. They have its adaptive method against the cold. The trees showing this are the birches, elms, maples, oaks and chestnuts. Animals seen here are mostly the birds, snails, insect, snakes and turtles.

Coral reef ecosystem

Coral reef ecosystem examples is made by the corals that build the reef. The reefs are the general colonies if the corals like the stony ones that love in a group. They are said to be the diverse of all the ecosystem examples and on earth. They are called to be the sea rainforest. Most of them are in shallow depth and the species seen ae the worms, the sponges, the fishes being small and big, mollusks, the crustaceans, the echinoderms.

Savannah ecosystem

A Savannah ecosystem examples is a hybrid of the grassland and the woodland ecosystem. It is said to be wide it is area and have canopy trees that help allow the light to enter and reach till the ground. Due to this, the herbaceous and the shrub are said to be dominated by the grass and are able to grow better. The animals seen are the cattle, sheep, the goats and the herbivores mostly. It also serves to be the transition zone for forest and dessert.

ecosystem examples
Image credit-EcosystemWikipedia

Micro ecosystem

The micro ecosystem examples type is small and confined to only an organism or yet is to be discovered. The trees make a tiny ecosystem that have several kinds of the species to live. For an instance, the tree may have lichen that harbor the rest of the epiphytes and the invertebrates like that of insects, rest animals and also the amphibians. The epiphytes on its space, help get a habitat for the rest of the organism that has fungi, the myxomycetous and the bacteria.

Hot spring ecosystem

The hot spring ecosystem examples is a water spring that has a quite high temperature compared to the surrounding. The water shall come out of the spring that is heated up naturally via the mantle and cause of the rise in temperature it does not have much of the organism. Thermophiles live in here with thriving in the temperature of about 45 to 80 Celsius. Some of them are the amoeba and the bacteria.

Natural ecosystem examples

Any ecosystem that is natural is a community of all the non-living and living things and the things that are seen in nature. All the component is linked.

The natural ecosystem examples are the comments that have water, the air, land, plants, soil, animals which maybe aquatic or land. The ecosystem examples can be the Rainforest, the freshwater, dessert and the grassland.


They are the tropical ecosystem examples which are seen in the tropical area. They have quite of a huge diverse in plants and also the life of animal that any other type of the ecosystem examples.  The name rainforest itself tells that it has precipitation as it vital part that makes it dense and have verdant type of vegetation. The trees can grow much taller as they have to compete for the light and the animals live in the canopy.

Grassland ecosystem

This ecosystem examples are seen in the area that is semi-arid and have wide expanses that are treeless. It is often survived by the animals that graze. The sub categories of this type of ecosystem examples shall have the savanna that are seen on the tropics the temperate area, steppes and the prairies and also seen in other climate type.


It is much dry that the grassland and this ecosystem examples is a character of the sparse vegetation type that is relative and the insect number along with the animals shall also be limited. Desserts are not actually hot and can be in any zone that is temperate as well. They are mostly sandy and shall have floors made of rock.

Freshwater ecosystem

There are many ecosystem examples that can be seen in the water or are aquatic. Some might be floating and few stagnant in water. The bogs, slakes ponds, river, streams shall support a lot of life and fall under this category. It is a life that moves fast and boost the content of oxygen that has a lot of waters that are stationary and allows a lot of animal and plant diversity. Algae and plankton shall be there in the calm waters.

Terrestrial ecosystem examples

This type of a community based on land species and the interactions are the components having the abiotic and biotic ones in the area.

The terrestrial ecosystem examples consist of the taigas, the deciduous ones, the desserts to an extent, the tundra, forest and the ones having the trees, shrubs and the plants along with aquatic plants.

The characters that these have are less water being available and the constant urge of getting water being one of the factor to be limited. They also have much temperature fluctuation on season basis and diurnal and also have much light intake by the atmosphere. The grass and the herbaceous plants are a good example to it.

Image credit-Terrestrial ecosystemWikipedia


This type of the biome where the tree grows is stopped by the temperature that is low and also by the short grow season.

They are the area that are treeless and seen in the artic or mostly the mountain tops. The climate is quite windy and cold here and there is a sanctity of rain. Tundra is a land that is covered with snow and mostly for the year but the summer shall have the burst of flowers.

In the world this type of ecosystem examples is seen in the high altitude and also at the top of Artic circle being in Canada, Russia, Alaska and the south areas.  They are known for its cold biomass and is a plain of no trees. They have low temperature, lands that is molded with frost, and bad nutrients. The nutrient pool has less organic manner. The habitat found is the mammals, the carnivores, insects, fish and the birds.  


They are the ecosystem examples that are forest and are cold in the region of sub artic space. It is in the North side.

The wild fire in thus type of ecosystem examples is so common. The risk of getting it rid is vital. The sick and old trees has to be removed. The rainfall in average is annual and in the real forest in about 33 inches. The dominant part here is the evergreen part.

It has a harsh climate with low precipitation rate and have small season for its growing. There is long cold season about 6 months and they are below freezing. The summer is hot and last for only maximum of 100 days. It is one of the three forest biome that are main. They contain two type being tropical and the temperate.


Forest contains of all the biotic and the abiotic components as well. Forest is one of a good ecosystem examples.

It has trees, the plants and the animals, the rest of the living things but also the non-living ones like water, air, soil, sun and the land. All of this link together to make the best ecosystem examples. The temperate is the most common.

There are three of the major forest ecosystem examples. They are the tropical, temperate and the boreal or taiga. It plays a vital role in the water cycle, having the soil ph maintained and levels the climate along with giving the wildlife. Most of it is seen in the temperate area.

Tropical forest

It has four main features being high yearly rain, great average temperature, soil having less nutrient, and many species in richness. It is a wet ecosystem.

It has rain almost in all part of the year ad is hot. It is called forest its canopy that is dense and has vegetation in three layers. It is seen around the low point of the equator with having 2000mm of rain in year and air is humid.

Image credit-Tropical forestWikipedia

It has a climate that is constant around the year and have no specific seasons. The temperature is around 20 to 35. It is green over the year and is alog warm. There is no temperature change with having high humidity and being wet. It is vital as it gives water and food to the species there but is invaluable for human.

Temperate forest

This ecosystem examples have the most of all the habitat and is the major one. It has a feature of much of the ecosystem.

They have high rate of precipitation, with good humid air and also has many of the trees that are deciduous. They have temperature that do decrease and have less sun or day hour in fall and have less rate f photosynthesis for the plants.

This has a vegetation type that has broad leaf and have its temperature in about 25 to 50 in both the hemispheres. It has areas like that of Chile, New Zealand, Asia and the Europe. The animals surviving here are the rabbits, he bears. the lions, birds, deer, squirrels, wolves, shunks and fox. They are noted with four season unlike the other ecosystem examples.

Biotic ecosystem examples

The factors that act as a factor concerning biotic are the living species that affect the rest species in the ecosystem and have plants, animals and microbes.

The part of this type of ecosystem examples include of animal waste, the living animals which shall contain the dead organism, the some more that are not alive like the weather, rocks, the light, water.

There can be many ecosystem examples for this type based on its use. The basic production for the biotic factor comes the trees and the plants. They employ plants for photosynthesis and capture the energy from the space and then make is of use. After plants, coral algae the trees also are good part of ecosystem. The basic manufacturer is sun for its energy and makes fats, proteins and also sugar. Without these there will be no life.

The biotic ones are the good producers of the ecosystem and are the base of the food chains. Just for an instance, the tree that make fruit can be eaten by humans. The same plant can also have made CO2 from air at the time of photosynthesis. The plant also stores up energy and can be used as fuel. Thus, the single producer can make up more of outcome and thus support the one factor on the earth that shall be living.

Biotic factors can be defined by three types which are the Producers, the consumers and the decomposers. Producers are also called to be autotrophs that make their own food and can be of either 2 types which are photoautotrophs or chemoautotrophs. Consumer rely on other for food and survival like bacteria. Animals or fungi. Decomposers feed on the dead by breaking the complex to have its nutrients.

Image credit-Photoautotroph-Wikipedia

Abiotic ecosystem examples

They are also a part of the non-living area and shapes itself in the environment. It can be any factor which the rest part depends.

Both the abiotic and biotic make a good ecosystem examples. Some of the example for the abiotic factor includes the wind, soil, ph, light and climate with much more other factors that influences the ecosystem examples in day to day mode.


It is one of the vital element in the ecosystem and has both the factors conserving biotic and abiotic.

Thus, this make it a good ecosystem examples. Soil has a good composition of all the abiotic elements and is must vital as it has a lot of influence on the biotic ones like that of the plant kind and the growth of the ecosystem examples.

It is said to be abiotic as it has many small elements of the rock which is a mix of clay and sand and then is mixed with the plants and the animals that are decomposed. Plant use the roots to have water and take nutrients from the soil. Bu the diverse it contains; soil can be a good ecosystem part. It ensures several used and also interacts with the shrouding and has gas and water levels as well.


The most vital abiotic factor in the ecosystem examples includes the water soil, temperature and the light. Water is vital.

Water is said to be of much importance and is often thus said to be water is life. All of the living forms need water and also plants. In makes 50% of the living things and some of the species are made up of 95% of water.

The main use of it is to help in plant growth and then make a permanent species to dwell that can live in it and support it with a home that is temporary giving in all the needful. It is also a breeding space for many amphibians and also for many organisms that have water and make nutrients and also minerals. 

Image credit-WaterWikipedia


Thus factor is just not vital for plant nut also for the flower for its germination and flower. It uses this as energy. It has a unique special composition that helps convert the energy into the inorganic space and converts water into the organic ones like lips, glucose.

Complex ecosystem examples

This ecosystem examples live in a specific area or habitat. The most complex one is said to be the tropical rainforest.

The rainforest is said to be a complex one as it is seen in the tropical area and they have a lot of light. The sun converts the energy via pant and help for food. As it has lot of light, it has lot of energy. Thus the best ecosystem examples for this is the tropical rainforest.

Image credit-Tropical rainforestWikipedia

Tropical rainforests are rainforests that occur in areas of tropical rainforest climate in which there is no dry season – all months have an average precipitation of at least 60 mm – and may also be referred to as lowland equatorial evergreen rainforest.


The whole surface of Earth is a series of connected ecosystems. Ecosystems are often connected in a larger biome. Forests, ponds, reefs, and tundra are all types of biomes, for example. An ecosystem is a community of living organisms interacting with one another and their non-living environment within a particular area. The earth itself is a true ecosystem as no part of it is completely isolated from the rest.

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