15+ Drupe Fruit Example: Detailed Explanations And Images


A drupe fruit is one that has a fleshy exterior covering a very hard seed usually single called a pit.

Botanically speaking drupes refer to any fleshy fruit having a single hard sit called a pit derived from the ovary of a single flower.

Some drupe fruit examples include:

  1. Nectarine
  2. Pistachio
  3. Coconut
  4. Cherry
  5. Olive
  6. Apricot
  7. Peaches
  8. Mango
  9. Dates
  10. Coffee
  11. Plums
  12. Litchi
  13. Longan
  14. Cornelian cherry
  15. Raspberry
  16. Walnut
  17. Nectarine
  18. Pistachio
  19. Coconut
  20. Cherry
  21. Olive
  22. Apricot
  23. Peaches
  24. Mango
  25. Dates
  26. Coffee
  27. Plums
  28. Litchi
  29. Longan
  30. Cornelian cherry
  31. Raspberry
  32. Walnut
drupe-fruit-example
Diagram of a typical drupe fruit Image: Wikipedia

Next, we will discuss all the above-mentioned examples in some detail

DRUPE FRUIT EXAMPLES:

Pistachio

Though most of us consider pistachio as a nut they are rather an iconic drupe fruit example. The fleshy fruit that covers the edible seed is discarded during the harvesting and packaging process. Pistachios belong to a special class of drupes called “culinary nuts” which means is not real nut but considered as one in culinary practice.

Mango

Called the “king of fruits” the mango is probably the best known amongst the drupe fruit examples that are mentioned in the list. Native to the Indian subcontinent and grown here for over 4000 years, the mango cultivation has now spread to other parts of East Asia from Bangladesh to Burma and Thailand. The fruit epicarp is a leathery skin that can be peeled off. The seed is very hard in the case of ripened fruits but can be easily cut through in the case of raw and unripe mangoes.

Peach

Peached are another drupe fruit example grown in all the temperate regions across the globe. Peaches are sold and consumed raw, canned and also in pies strudels and other desserts. The flowers from which peach fruits are derived are also beautiful and are often grown for ornamental purposes.

Dates

Dates are another one-seeded drupe fruit example. The size, shape, taste and amount of flesh all depend on the nature and cultivation of the date palm. A lot of commercially sold dates are previously deseeded for convenience and also to avoid any kind of choking hazards.

Cornelian cherry

The cornelian cherry is another drupe fruit example. A relative of the flowering dogwood, Cornus florida, the cornelian cherry is a native of dry deciduous woodlands in central and southern Europe and western Asia. The cornelian cherry fruit is botanically categorized as a drupe.

A bunch of ripe cornelian cherries
Image: Wikipedia

Olive

Another culinarily significant drupe fruit example is the olive. Used as an addition, especially to continental, the Mediterranean and Italian cuisines, as olives are mainly native to these regions. They are an excellent source of edible Vitamin E and are also used for oil extraction.

Illustration of parts of an olive flower and fruit
Image: Wikipedia

Olives mainly come in 2 varieties – black and green. Both varieties have a similar tangy taste but differ in size. Mostly olives are sold canned or preserved and are previously pitted to remove their seed.

Longan

Longans are another drupe fruit example belonging to the soapberry family just like the litchi. Similar to litchis they have white translucent flesh and single seed. The only difference is the size since longans are only about 3 centimetres in diameter and the amount of edible mesocarp is also much more minute. Longans are used as a fruit and also used for numerous desserts preparation in southeast Asia.

Iamge of the longan fruit with the shell, skin and seed Image: Wikipedia

Walnut

Another unusual example in the list is walnut is one of the fruits that are considered both nuts and drupes. The shell that we crack to get to the nut is actually the hard seed coat and the entire nut as sold is the pit of the fruit.

Coconut

Even though the name has a nut because we can extract oil from it, the coconut is actually a drupe fruit example. The fruit has a single seed which is what we usually eat discarding the other layers of the fruit.

Cherry

While cherries fit the description of fruit, they also belong to a more particular group. Cherries are classed as drupes, a subgenus of the fruit genus. Drupes, also known as stone fruits, have an outer fleshy layer and thin skin and are easily distinguished by the presence of a pit in the middle. These pits (or stones) are the drupe’s unique seed.

Plum

Another iconic drupe fruit example plums are considered to be one of the first fruits that were domesticated in Central Asia and Europe. Plum varieties are native to Asia, Europe and North America and are considered to be what we call a warm-weather fruit. Its delectable flesh is considered quite a delicacy and is used in a variety of desserts.

Japanese plum
Image: Wikipedia

Raspberry

Unlike all the drupe fruit examples discussed above the raspberry is an aggregate drupelet. That means each segment has its very own seed or pit and was formed from the ovary of a single flower.

Nectarine

Nectarines belong to the peach family and are considered to be domesticated in China over 400 years ago. Nectarines have a white, yellow or red with a single hard seed in the middle. They are considered great sources of vitamin A and C.

Nectarine fruit development from flower to fruit
Image: Wikipedia

Litchi

A summer favourite the litchi is a drupe fruit example native to south and southeast Asia. They grow in bunches and have succulent and sweet white flesh surrounding the hard pit or seed. Unlike most other fruits the skin of the fruit is dry and spiky once it ripens and can be easily peeled off from the smooth flesh.

Coffee

Coffee beans are another drupe fruit example where the pit or seed is the edible part. Coffee beans inside small coffee berries that look very similar to cherries. The flesh is discarded and the beans are dried, roasted and ground to get the coffee that most of us drink year-round. Sometimes the ground coffee is mixed with something called chicory to enhance the flavour and make it more commercially available

Apricot

Preferred dried over the ripe variety apricots are the last drupe fruit example that we will discuss. Known for their strange taste and anticarcinogenic properties the bitter kernels of apricots are considered quite a delicacy across the globe. Distinguished by their slightly translucent orangish flesh that looks nearly jelly-like when dried. Most commercially sold dried apricots usually have their stones i.e. pits removed and cut into rings.

Trisha Dey

I am Trisha Dey, a postgraduate in Bioinformatics. I pursued my graduate degree in Biochemistry. I love reading .I also have a passion for learning new languages. Let’s connect through linked in: https://www.linkedin.com/in/trisha-dey-183482199

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