5+ Crystal Lattice Examples: Types and Facts around It


In this article the topic of “Crystal lattice examples” will be summarize. The term pattern of crystal lattice is created by the points. Crystal lattice is use to personate the place of repeating structural substance.

5+ Crystal Lattice Examples are listed below,

Sodium chloride:-

The sodium chloride is actually an ionic mixture. For make the compound of sodium chloride the chloride and sodium is mix together in 1:1 ratio. The common name of the sodium chloride is common salt or halite, table salt.

Chemical formula for the sodium chloride is NaCl.

Properties of the Sodium Chloride:-

  1. Sodium Chloride can be easily soluble in the water. In some other liquids the sodium chloride can be insoluble or partially soluble.
  2. Sodium Chloride is white crystal.
  3. Sodium Chloride is very good quality conductor because of the movements of the free ions.
  4. Molar mass of the Sodium Chloride is 58.443 gram per mol.
  5. Density of the Sodium Chloride is 2.17 gram per cubic centimetre.
  6. Boiling point of the Sodium Chloride is 1465 degree centigrade.
  7. Melting point of the Sodium Chloride is 800.7 degree centigrade.
  8. Heat capacity of the Sodium Chloride is 50.7 joule per Kelvin mol.
  9. Solubility in water of the Sodium Chloride is 360 gram per 1000 gram pure water at the temperature of 25 degree centigrade.
  10. Solubility in ammonia of the Sodium Chloride is 21.5 gram per litre.
crystal lattice examples
Image – Crystal structure with sodium in purple and chloride in green;
Image Credit – Wikipedia

Preparation of the Sodium Chloride:-

When chloride and sodium is comes together in the ratio of 1:1 at that time the solid matter is made which is known as Sodium Chloride.

2Na(s) + Cl2(g) → 2NaCl(s)

[latex]2Na(s) + Cl_2(g) \rightarrow 2NaCl(s)[/latex]

Snowflakes:-

Snowflake is single ice crystal.  The snowflakes have sufficient size to amalgamate to each other.

Image – Naturally formed snowflakes differ from one another through happenstance of formation. The characteristic six branches is related with the crystal structure of ice; Image Credit – Wikipedia

Types of the snowflakes:-

Snowflakes can be divided in eight broader groups,

  1. Plane crystal
  2. Column crystal
  3. Germs of ice crystal
  4. Combination of plane and column crystal
  5. Rimed crystal
  6. Irregular crystal
  7. Aggregation of snow crystal
  8. Other solid precipitation crystal

Sucrose:-

Another term for the sucrose is table sugar or sugar. The sucrose molecules have 11 oxygen atoms, 22 hydrogen atoms and 12 carbon atoms. 

Image – Structure of the sucrose;
Image Credit – Wikipedia

Properties of the Sucrose:-

  1. Sucrose can be easily soluble in the water. In some other liquids the sucrose can be insoluble or partially soluble.
  2. Sucrose is white crystal.
  3. Sucrose is odour less.
  4. The taste of the sucrose is sweet.
  5. Molar mass of the sucrose is 342.30 gram per mol.
  6. Density of the sucrose is 1.587 gram per cubic centimetre.
  7. Melting point of the sucrose is 186 degree centigrade.

Diamond:-

Diamond is a rare, naturally occurring mineral composed of carbon. Each carbon atom in a diamond is surrounded by four other carbon atoms and connected to them by strong covalent bonds – the strongest type of chemical bond. This simple, uniform, tightly-bonded arrangement yields one of the most durable and versatile substances known.

It is also chemically resistant and has the highest thermal conductivity of any natural material. Diamond is the hardest known natural substance.

Image – The slightly misshapen octahedral shape of this rough diamond crystal in matrix is typical of the mineral. Its lustrous faces also indicate that this crystal is from a primary deposit;
Image Credit – Wikipedia

Properties of the Diamond:-

  1. Density of the diamond is 3.5 to 3.53 gram per cubic centimetre.
  2. Melting point of the diamond is depending on the pressure.
  3. Specific gravity of the diamond is 3.52±0.01. [latex]3.52\pm 0.01[/latex]
  4. An optical property of the diamond is isentropic.
  5. Formula mass of the diamond is 12.01 gram per mol.
  6. Colour of the diamond will be brown, gray, and yellow to colourless.

Quartz:-

In the Earth’s crust Quartz is one of the most common minerals. As a mineral name, quartz refers to a specific chemical compound having a specific crystalline form. t is found in all forms of rock: igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary. Quartz is physically and chemically resistant to weathering. When quartz-bearing rocks become weathered and eroded, the grains of resistant quartz are concentrated in the soil, in rivers, and on beaches. The white sands typically found in river beds and on beaches are usually composed mainly of quartz, with some white or pink feldspar as well.

Image – Quartz;
Image Credit – Wikipedia

Properties of the Quartz:-

  1. Formula mass of the quartz is 60.083 gram per mol.
  2. Melting point of the quartz is1670 degree centigrade to 1713 degree centigrade.
  3. Quartz is brittle type.

Crystal lattice types:

The crystal lattice is classified in sever sections they are listed below,

The classification types of the crystal lattice is describe below,

Triclinic system:-

In the triclinic system the three axes are dangling at each other. In the system of the triclinic the length of the axes remains same. On the base of three dangling angles various types of crystal can make paired faces.

Examples:-

Examples of the triclinic system are listed below,

  1. Amazonite
  2. Labradorite
  3. Kyanite
  4. Rhodonote
  5. Turquoise
  6. Aventurine Feldspar

Tetragonal system:-

The tetragonal system is containing three axes. The main axis of the tetragonal system can be differing in length. The length of the axis can be longer or shorter. Other two axis of the tetragonal system stays in the same plane and the are will be at same length. Depend on the structure of the rectangular inner the shape of the tetragonal system crystal will be four sided prism, double and eight edgy pyramids, pyrite and trapezohedrons.

Monoclinic system:-

The monoclinic system is containing three axes. The two axes of the monoclinic system stay at right angle to each one and the third one axis is dangling. The three axes of the monoclinic system have different length.

The inner structure of the monoclinic system contain prism and basal pinacoids with the inclined end faces.

Examples:-

Examples of the monoclinic system are listed below,

  1. Gypsum
  2. Diopside
  3. Howlite
  4. Hiddenite
  5. Vivianite
  6. Petalite

Hexagonal system:-

The hexagonal system is containing three axes. Among the four axes the three axes are stays in the similar plane and the fourth one is stays in plane. The axes of the hexagonal system are intersecting to each other at the angle of sixty degree. In the hexagonal system the crystal shape will be based on the inner structure such as four sided pyramid, double sided pyramid, double pyramid,

Examples:-

Examples of the hexagonal system are listed below,

  1. Apatite
  2. Cancrinite
  3. Beryl
  4. Sugilite

Orthorhombic system:-

The systems of the orthorhombic have three axes. The axes of the orthorhombic system intersect at the right angles to every with other. The length of the axe will be different to each other. In the orthorhombic system the crystal shape will be based on the rhombic structure such as double pyramid, pyramid, pinacoids, and rhombic pyramid.

Examples:-

Examples of the orthorhombic system are listed below,

  • Lolite
  • Tanzanite
  • Topaz
  • Zoisite

Trigonal system:-

In the system of the trigonal the axis and angels are similar to hexagonal system. In the system of the trigonal have three sides and in the system of the hexagonal have six sides. In the trigonal system the crystal shape will be based on the inner structure such as rhombohedra, scalenohedral and three sided pyramid.

Examples:-

Examples of the trigonal system are listed below,

  • Calcite
  • Agate
  • Ruby
  • Tiger’s eyes
  • Jasper
  • Quartz

Cubic system:-

In the system of the cubic the three angles are intersect with the right angles. The are will be in same length. In the cubic system the crystal shape will be based on the inner structure such as cube, octahedron, hexaciscoherdron.

Examples:-

Examples of the cubic system are listed below,

  1. Gold
  2. Silver
  3. Diamond
  4. Garnet

Indrani Banerjee

Hi..I am Indrani Banerjee. I completed my bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering. I am a enthusiastic person and I am a person who is positive about every aspect of life. I like to read Books and listening to music.

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