Archaea Cell Membrane and Bacteria Cell Membrane: 9 Facts


A prokaryote is any organism that does not have a nucleus and also other organelles bounded by a membrane.

There are two examples of the prokaryotes being the bacteria and the archaea. On concerned with the comparison for archaea cell membrane and bacteria cell membrane the cell membrane of the bacteria has a lipid bilayer and also the archaea membrane either has a bilayer or a monolayer.

This is said to be the main difference while there also lies a much common difference between the archaea cell membrane and bacteria cell membrane which is that the bacteria have fatty acids on its cell membrane and on the other part the archaea have the compound phytanyl on the membrane. All of the living beings tend to have a cell and thus a membrane as well.

The cell membrane of the archaea has an outer membrane for cell that acts as a barrier for the environment and the cell. Inside the membrane is placed the cytoplasm that has the living functions of the archeon and takes place and at the site of the DNA location. Thus, for archaea cell membrane and bacteria cell membrane, bacteria have a lipid bilayer and the archaea either has a bilayer or a monolayer.

archaea cell membrane and bacteria cell membrane
Image credit-Cell membraneWikipedia

Do both archaea and bacteria have cell membrane?

All of the living matter tend to have a cell and thus also has a cell membrane to have the cell function well helping in its use.

The cell membrane tends to be uncovered by the cell wall in all of the bacteria­­ except in only one group called the Mollicutes. This group consists of the mycoplasmas. All of the archaea do have an outer cell membrane that helps in its function and thus this for archaea cell membrane and bacteria cell membrane.

The cell later of the bacteria is much complex and also mufti layers that helps in getting the organism protected from the most hostile surrounding. This falls in one of the major groups being the gram positive and the negative. Thus, for archaea cell membrane and bacteria cell membrane, bacteria have a lipid bilayer and the archaea either has a bilayer or a monolayer.

The archaea also have a cell membrane and thus also has a area that is hydrophobic the archaea has the hydrocarbon along with having the cell wall that tend to give protection to it. Thus, for archaea cell membrane and bacteria cell membrane, bacteria have a lipid bilayer and the archaea either has a bilayer or a monolayer. Both do have a membrane with different constituent.

Are archaea cell membranes and bacteria cell membranes same?

Both of the prokaryotes tend to have a cell that lacks no molecules and lacks no organelles are covered by the membrane.

All of the living being tend to have a cell and thus even the same for both the prokaryotes. There is always differed between the cell membrane of all of the livings beings as the cell operated separate use for all. Thus, for archaea cell membrane and bacteria cell membrane, bacteria have a lipid bilayer and the archaea either has a bilayer or a monolayer.

Archaea do have a cell that is rigid to a portion and helps itself from getting protected. It is made up of the S layers an also do lack the molecules of peptidoglycan that tend to be an exception along with the methano-bacteria. Thus, for archaea cell membrane and bacteria cell membrane, bacteria have a lipid bilayer and the archaea either has a bilayer or a monolayer.

On concerned with the comparison for archaea cell membrane and bacteria cell membrane the cell membrane of the bacteria has a lipid bilayer and also the archaea membrane either has a bilayer or a monolayer. Both of them differ in its composition with bacteria having fatty acids while the archaea do not have either this or even the peptidoglycans on the membrane.

Halobacteria.jpg
Image credit-ArchaeaWikipedia

Similarities between archaea cell membranes and bacteria cell membranes

Both of the two examples of prokaryotes do have a cell and thus also do have a cell wall and a membrane giving the good example of prokaryotes

Both of them do have a cell wall and also do have flagella that help them swim. There are not much same features for the cell membrane for both of them. Thus, for archaea cell membrane and bacteria cell membrane, bacteria have a lipid bilayer and the archaea either has a bilayer or a monolayer.

The only same feature can be that both of the cell membrane do have an area that has a portion that is hydrophobic and also do have a cell wall to give them protection. They are tiny organism that are called to be microbes. Thus, for archaea cell membrane and bacteria cell membrane, bacteria have a lipid bilayer and the archaea either has a bilayer or a monolayer.

As said there is no much same features for both of the prokaryotes yet only one same feature of a hydrophobic area with both having a lipid layer yet differing in the number if layers present separating 2 of the sides. Thus, for archaea cell membrane and bacteria cell membrane, bacteria have a lipid bilayer and the archaea either has a bilayer or a monolayer. 

Difference between archaea and bacteria cell membranes

The cells of the bacteria do have a plasmid and also have an inner and outer layer that lacks in the archaea giving it a difference.

There is much difference between them with only one same feature in the cell membrane concern Thus, for archaea cell membrane and bacteria cell membrane, bacteria have a lipid bilayer and the archaea either has a bilayer or a monolayer.

ArchaeaBacteria
The cell membrane has PseudopeptidoglycanThe membrane of cell has Lipopolysaccharide or the Peptidoglycan
The activity of it is by methanogeneisThe activity of it is by autotrophy, fermentation, anaerobic or aerobic or even can be photosynthesis.
They have 3 RNAOnly have one RNAIt is of a lipid bilayer and thus, for archaea cell membrane and bacteria cell membrane, bacteria have a lipid bilayer and the archaea either has a bilayer or a monolayerIt can be either a monolayer or a lipid bilayer and thus, for archaea cell membrane and bacteria cell membrane, bacteria have a lipid bilayer and the archaea either has a bilayer or a monolayerThey do not have fatty acids in the cell membrane rather it has the phytanylThey do have fatty acid and Thus, for archaea cell membrane and bacteria cell membrane, bacteria have a lipid bilayer and the archaea either has a bilayer or a monolayerThey have glycoproteins or a cell wall that is made up pf proteinThey lack so and thus, for archaea cell membrane and bacteria cell membrane, bacteria have a lipid bilayer and the archaea either has a bilayer or a monolayerThey do not have peptidoglycan and has a cell membrane that is semi rigid in form and archaea cell membrane and bacteria cell membrane, bacteria have a lipid bilayer and the archaea either has a bilayer or a monolayerThey have peptidoglycan and uses the ester linkage lipid in the bacteria and thus, for archaea cell membrane and bacteria cell membrane, bacteria have a lipid bilayer and the archaea either has a bilayer or a monolayer

Function of cell membrane in bacteria and archaea

The cell membrane is also called the plasma membrane and is seen in the cells and also tends to get the cell wall separated from the exterior part.

The cell membrane tends to work for many access and is seen in the cells that do separate the cell contents from the outer part. The cell membrane has lipids layer and is also semipermeable. Thus, for archaea cell membrane and bacteria cell membrane, bacteria have a lipid bilayer and the archaea either has a bilayer or a monolayer.

The function of the cell membrane that, for archaea cell membrane and bacteria cell membrane, makes it different for bacteria have a lipid bilayer and the archaea either has a bilayer or a monolayer is-

  • They keep the waste material out of the cell reach
  • They do have a channel or a receptor that allows the specific molecule like that of the ions, waste, metabolic items, the nutrients and proteins to get in and out of the cell and pass between the organelles.
  • Helps in solute exchange
  • Isolation of the cytoplasm from the outer part
  • Identification and communication
  • Cell to protect itself
  • Endocutosis and exocytosis
  • Cell signaling
  • Acts as a physical barrier
  • Transport of useful substances in the cell

The very basic structure of the ell membrane can be the phospholipid bilayer that is seen is the bacteria and the bacteria with the bacteria having a bilayer and archaea that having a bi or monolayer. Thus, for archaea cell membrane and bacteria cell membrane, bacteria have a lipid bilayer and the archaea either has a bilayer or a monolayer.

The most important function of the cell membrane is to maintain cellular integrity and transport of molecules inside and outside the cell. It is selectively permeable. On concerned with the comparison for archaea cell membrane and bacteria cell membrane the cell membrane of the bacteria has a lipid bilayer and also the archaea membrane either has a bilayer or a monolayer.

EscherichiaColi NIAID.jpg
Image credit-BacteriaWikipedia

Example of prokaryotes

Prokaryote, also called as procaryote, any organism that lacks a distinct nucleus and other organelles due to the absence of internal membranes. Bacteria are among the best-known prokaryotic organisms

Prokaryotes are single celled, microscopic entities. They neither have specialized organelles nor a prominent nucleus with a membrane. Some features of them are absence of membrane bound organelles, along with absence of membrane-bound nucleus, presence of single, circular chromosomes. Some examples are-

  • Cyanobacteria
  • E. coli
  • Mycoplasma
  • Lactobacillus acidophilus
  • Bacteria
  • Archaea

Cyanobacteria

They also contain chlorophyll a, the same photosynthetic pigment that plants use. In fact the chloroplast in plants is a symbiotic cyanobacterium, taken up by a green algal ancestor of the plants sometime in the Precambrian

Cyanobacteria also called blue-green algae are an ancient group of photosynthetic microbes that occur in most inland waters and that can have major effects on the water quality and functioning of aquatic ecosystems. They include about 2000 species in 150 genera, with a wide range of shapes and sizes.

This as well portrays the difference in archaea cell membrane and bacteria cell membrane. Cyanobacteria have a variety of cell types, cellular structures, and physiological strategies that contribute to their ecological success in the plankton, metaphyton, or periphyton. hey are of special interest to water quality managers because many produce taste and odor compounds, several types of toxins, and noxious blooms.

E.Coli

Escherichia coli, also known as E. coli, is a Gram-negative, facultative anaerobic, rod-shaped, coliform bacterium of the genus Escherichia that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms.

E. coli and other facultative anaerobes constitute about 0.1% of gut microbiota, and fecal–oral transmission is the major route through which pathogenic strains of the bacterium cause disturbance. Cells are able to survive outside the body for a limited amount of time, which makes them potential indicator organisms to test environmental samples for fecal contamination.

The bacterium can be grown and cultured easily and inexpensively in a laboratory setting, and has been intensively investigated for over 60 years. E. coli is a chemoheterotroph whose chemically defined medium must include a source of carbon and energy. E. coli is the most widely studied prokaryotic model organism, and an important species in the fields of biotechnology and microbiology. This as well portrays the difference in archaea cell membrane and bacteria cell membrane.

Mycoplasma

Mycoplasma is a genus of bacteria that, like the other members of the class Mollicutes, lack a cell wall around their cell membranes. Peptidoglycan is absent.

There are three classes of antibiotics that removes mycoplasma when used at relatively low concentrations: tetracyclines, macrolides and quinolones. Tetracyclines and macrolides block protein synthesis by interfering with ribosome translation, whereas quinolones inhibit replication of mycoplasma DNA.

Mycoplasma is spread through contact with droplets from the nose and throat of infected people especially when they cough and sneeze. Transmission is thought to require prolonged close contact with an infected person. Spread in families, schools and institutions occurs slowly. This as well portrays the difference in archaea cell membrane and bacteria cell membrane.

M. haemofelis IP2011.jpg
Image credit-MycoplasmaWikipedia

Lactobacillus acidophilus

Acidophilus may be used as a probiotic to promote the growth of good bacteria in your body. Acidophilus may also help cure a variety of medical conditions such as digestive issues, yeast infections and eczema.

The primary dietary sources of L. acidophilus include milk enriched with acidophilus, yogurt containing live L. acidophilus cultures, miso, and tempeh. Prebiotics are found in breast milk, onions, tomatoes, bananas, honey, barley, garlic, and wheat.

Lactobacillus organisms are rarely associated with pathology in immunocompetent people, but in the presence of risk factors and underlying conditions, they can cause infections such as endocarditis, bacteremia, neonatal meningitis, dental caries, and intra-abdominal abscesses including liver abscess, pancreatic. This as well portrays the difference in archaea cell membrane and bacteria cell membrane.

Bacteria

These are the microscopic single-celled organisms lacking a distinct nucleus are known as bacteria. They may be shaped like spheres, rods, or spirals. They inhabit virtually all environments, including soil, water, organic matter, and the bodies of animals

The bacteria in our bodies help degrade the food we eat, help make nutrients available to us and neutralize toxins, to name a few examples. Also, they play an essential role in the defense against infections by protecting colonized surfaces from invading pathogens. Some of them help to digest food, destroy useless-causing cells, and give the body needed vitamins.

Like all kinds of organisms, all bacteria need to grow and multiply to survive as a species. When sufficient food is available, bacteria multiply quickly by doubling in size and then splitting in half, to create two new cells. This as well portrays the difference in archaea cell membrane and bacteria cell membrane. Typically, bacteria range from about 1 µm to about 5 µms.

Archaea

Archaea are single-celled microorganisms with structure similar to bacteria. They are evolutionarily distinct from bacteria and eukaryotes and form the third domain of life. Archaea are obligate anaerobes living in environments low in oxygen

The 209 species of Archaea are divided into 63 genera, of which 24 are monotypic – meaning that there is only one species in the genus. The Archaea are divided into 3 main groups called Euryarchaeota, Crenarchaeota and Korarchaeota. All archaea are single-celled organisms. 

Under the harsh environmental conditions of the bog ecosystem, Archaea contribute to the functioning of the ecosystem and vegetation by performing functions involved in nutrient cycling, stress response, and phytohormone biosynthesis and by interacting with both bacteria and their hosts. This as well portrays the difference in archaea cell membrane and bacteria cell membrane.

Conclusion

There are two examples of the prokaryotes being the bacteria and the archaea. On concerned with the comparison for archaea cell membrane and bacteria cell membrane the cell membrane of the bacteria has a lipid bilayer and also the archaea membrane either has a bilayer or a monolayer.

ANKITA CHATTOPADHYAY

I am Ankita Chattopadhyay from Kharagpur. I have completed my BTech in Biotechnology from Amity University Kolkata. I am a Subject Matter Expert in Biotechnology and also a web content writer (freelancer). I have been keen in writing articles and also interested in Literature with having my writing published in a Biotech website and a book respectively. Along with these, I am also a Hodophile, a Cinephile and a foodie.

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