Alkyl Halide Examples: Detailed Insights And Facts


In this article, we are going to see what are the alkyl halides, their insights, and facts in detail with some alkyl halide examples.

Alkyl Halide Examples

NO.CLASSIFICATIONSTRUCTURENAME EXPLANATION
1PrimaryBromoethane
In the structure of ethane one hydrogen gets replaced by halogen i.e Bromine.
2Primary1- Iodo propaneThis is a three-carbon structure, propane. In this one hydrogen atom gets replaced by Iodine, which is attached to the carbon, having a bond with another carbon.
3Primary1-Chloro butane  In the four carbons chain of alkane, one hydrogen gets replaced by Chlorine. Which is attached to a primary carbon.
4PrimaryFluoroethaneIn the structure of ethane one hydrogen get replaced by Fluorine. which is attached with carbon having a bond with another carbon.
5Secondary2-Bromo butaneIn the structure of butane, one of the hydrogen atoms of the second carbon gets replaced by Bromine.
6Secondary2- Iodo propaneIn the structure of propane, one of the hydrogen atoms of second carbon gets replaced by Iodine.
7Tertiary2- Iodo-2-methyl propaneIn the structure of propane one hydrogen gets replaced by Iodine. which is attached with carbon having bonds with another three carbons.
8Tertiary2-Bromo-2-methyl butaneIn the structure of butane, hydrogen atoms of second carbon gets replaced by Iodine and methyl group.
9Tertiary2-Chloro-2-methyl pentaneThis is a five-carbon structure, pentane. In this one hydrogen atom gets replaced by Chlorine, which is attached to the carbon, having a bond with another three carbons.
10Secondary2-Iodo butaneIn the structure of butane, one hydrogen gets replaced by Iodine. which is attached with carbon having bonds with another two carbons.
11Secondary2-Chloro propaneIn the structure of propane, one of the hydrogen atoms of second carbon gets replaced by Chlorine.
12Secondary2-Bromo-3-ethyl hexaneThis is a six carbons structure, hexane. In this one hydrogen atom of second carbon gets replaced by Bromine, which is attached to the carbon, having a bond with another two carbons. An ethyl group is attached at third carbon.
13Primary1- Bromo-2,2-dimethyl propaneIn the structure of propane one hydrogen gets replaced Bromine. Two methyl groups are attached to the second carbon.
14Secondary3- Chloro pentaneIn the structure of pentane, one of the hydrogen atoms of the third carbon gets replaced by Chlorine.
15Primary1-Bromo-2-methyl butaneIn the structure of butane, one of the hydrogen atoms of first carbon get replaced by Bromine, a methyl group is attached at second carbon.
16Secondary2-Iodo-3-methyl butaneIn the structure of butane, one of the hydrogen atoms of second carbon gets replaced by Iodine. Methyl group is boned with third carbon.
17Primary1- Bromo-2,3-dimethyl butaneIn the structure of butane, one of the hydrogen atoms of first carbon gets replaced by Bromine. Two Methyl groups are boned with second and third carbon.
18Secondary2- Fluoro butaneIn the structure of butane, one of the hydrogen atoms of second carbon gets replaced by Fluorine.
19Primary1-Chloro-2,2-dimethyl propane In the structure of propane one hydrogen gets replaced Chlorine .two methyl groups are attached to the second carbon.
20Secondary2-Chloro butaneIn the structure of butane, one of the hydrogens gets replaced by Chlorine. which is attached with carbon having bonds with another two carbons.

Alkyl halides are compounds that contain halogens as one of their constituents along with alkanes. In alkane, when one or more hydrogen atoms get substituted by halogen atoms it is termed an alkyl halide. They also called as Haloalkane.

Halogens are group seventeen elements, electronegative. Fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine are the halogens, Represented by ‘X’. Hence, the alkyl halides are expressed as R-X.

Where , R- Alkyl group or carbon chain and X- Halogens as F, Cl, Br, I.

Alkyl halides are classified as

On account of several carbon atoms having bonded with the carbon atom, which is attached to the halogen atom, alkyl halides are classified as primary, secondary, tertiary alkyl halides.

Primary alkyl halides (1°)

When one carbon atom had a bond with the carbon atom which is attached to the halogen atom it is known as Primary alkyl halide or 1° alkyl halide.

Usually primary alkyl halides undergo SN2 reaction mechanism.

Secondary alkyl halides (2°)

When two carbon atoms had a bond with the carbon atom which is attached to the halogen atom it is known as Secondary alkyl halides or 2° alkyl halides.

Secondary alkyl halides undergo both SN1 and SN2 reaction mechanisms.

Tertiary alkyl halides (3°)

When three carbon atoms had a bond with the carbon atom which is attached to the halogen atom it is known as Tertiary alkyl halides or 3° alkyl halides.

Tertiary alkyl halide undergo SN1 reaction mechanism.

Alkyl halide examples
Figure1 : Classification of Alkyl halides

Alkyl halides are used as Solvents. They are also used as Refrigerants, Propellants, Fire retardants. Alkyl halides like Chloroform, are used as medical Anesthetic.

Read more on List of 20 Examples of Unbalanced Force

Frequently Asked Questions :

Question: What is alkyl halide example ?

Answer: Some examples of alkyl halides are given below,

Alkyl halides are classified as primary, secondary, tertiary alkyl halides. 2- Iodo-2-methyl propane (3°) , 2-Chloro propane (2°) , 1-Bromo-2-methyl butane (1°) etc. are the examples of haloalkane.

Question: What is primary alkyl halide?

Answer: The term primary alkyl halide is use

When, one ( Primary) carbon atom is attached to the carbon atom which is bonded with the halogen atom it is known as Primary alkyl halide or 1° alkyl halide. Represented as R-CH2-X.

Question: What is the formula for alkyl halides?

Answer: The formula for alkyl halide

In alkane, when one or more hydrogen atoms get substituted by halogen atoms it is termed an alkyl halide. The alkyl halides are represented as R-X. Where , R- Alkyl group or carbon chain and X- Halogens as F, Cl, Br, I.

Question: What is 3 alkyl halide?

Answer: The term 3 alkyl halide is use

When three carbon atoms had a bond with the carbon atom which is attached to the halogen atom it is known as Tertiary alkyl halides or 3° alkyl halides.

Question: What are the types of alkyl halide?

Answer: The alkyl halides are classified as

On account of several carbon atoms having bonded with the carbon atom, which is attached to the halogen atom, alkyl halides are classified as Primary alkyl halide, Secondary alkyl halide, Tertiary alkyl halides.

When one carbon atom had a bond with the carbon atom which is attached to the halogen atom it is known as Primary alkyl halide or 1° alkyl halide. When two carbon atoms had a bond with the carbon atom which is attached to the halogen atom it is known as Secondary alkyl halides or 2° alkyl halides. When three carbon atoms had a bond with the carbon atom which is attached to the halogen atom it is known as Tertiary alkyl halides or 3° alkyl halides.

Smruti Bhosale

I am Smruti Bhosale. I am from Mumbai. I have Master's degree in Inorganic chemistry from Guru Nanak Khalsa College, Mumbai. I always have a passion for writing and to inspire as many willing minds through my words. Chemistry is a subject that is used by everyone in their normal lives. I want to explain the subject in the most understandable and simplest way possible. I am a creative, hard working person and passionate about learning new things. I like to read books.

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