15+ Aggregate Fruit Examples:Detailed Explanations And Images

This article completes your search after reading this, readers are able to conclude the examples of aggregate fruit with a well-defined description. Yes, you are on the right platform, Aggregate fruit examples are discussed below.

Botanically speaking, Aggregate fruit is the type of fruit which develops from a single flower having many pistils. Sometimes it may create confusion between aggregate and multiple fruits or composite fruit but they both are totally different.

Aggregate fruit = Aggregation of more than carpel (ovaries)

Multiple fruit/ Composite fruit= Cluster of more than one complete flower.

Here are, aggregate fruit examples:

Actually, these fruits are a group of fruitlets which develops from the multicarpellary, apocarpous ovary. In these types of fruits, fruit is composed of follicles which act as individual drupes known as druplets. That means only a single flower is responsible for the production of a bunch of fruits that’s why it is known as aggregate fruits. During the process, sepals are increasing their size up to 5mm to cover and provide the base for the fruitlets.

In a simple language, this aggregation of fruits are known as Etaerio. On the basis of the nature of individual fruitlet, they are divided into 4 types:

  1. Etaerio of follicles
  2. Etaerio of achenes
  3. Etaerio of druplets
  4. Etaerio of samara

Etaerio of follicles:

In this type, each free carpels develop into a fruitlet, called a follicle. At maturation, they are clustered over the enlarged thalamus. They possess finger-like stamens projecting outside.

  • Etaerio developed from two follicles are Calotropis, Catharanthus
  • Etaerio developed from many follicles are Michelia

Etaerio of achenes:

In this type, each fruitlet is an achene, they are hairy and present in cup-shaped thalamus. The thalamus becomes fleshy and red in colour after-ripening of fruit. It consists of a fast enlarging receptacle with spongy and shiny ovaries. Example: Rose and Strawberries.

 Etaerio of druplets:

In this type, many small drupes are developed from different carpels which are collectively grouped on the fleshy thalamus. It is a  cluster of drupe like fruits consisting of soft tissues, covered by a membrane-like structure termed “pyrene”.Example: Raspberry

Etaerio of samara/ berry:

As the name suggests, it is the aggregation of small berries with fleshy thalamus. Apical parts of fruits fuse together to form the rind. Example: Custard Apple, Polyalthia

Strawberry:

Botanical name: Fragaria ananassa

Family: Rosaceae

Type of fruit: Etaerio of achenes

aggregate fruit examples
Strawberry
Image credit: Pixabay

The genus contains almost 20 species. Botanically speaking, the strawberry is not the true berry, it is actually false fruit/accessory fruit as it developed from the receptacle of the flower. They are generally found in Europe & North America. They are rich in vitamin C, vitamin B9, folate and potassium. Trees are susceptible to drought and some other climatic conditions.

Blackberry:

Botanical name: Rubus fructicosus

Family: Rosaceae

Type of fruit: Etaerio of drupes

They are native to Northwest Canada, Northwest Africa and Central Asia. Fruit is rich in antioxidants and vitamin C. They possess low carbohydrate content. The peak season for the fruit is mainly June to August.

Raspberry:

Botanical name: Rubus idaeus

Family: Rosaceae

Type of fruit: Etaerio of drupes

aggregate fruit examples
Raspberry
Image credit: Flickr

A single fruit is made up of ~100 druplets. Receptacle/ torus is very hard as it persists with the plant body during the picking of fruits from the plants and leaves a hole in the centre of it. They are native to the United States, Northern Europe and some parts of Eastern Asia. Fruits are rich in iron, potassium and antioxidants too. It is also a good source of vitamin C and some other minerals.

Dewberry:

Botanical name: Rubus caesius

Family: Rosaceae

Type of fruit: Etaerio of drupes

aggregate fruit examples
Dewberries Image credit: Pixabay

They are native to Western Asia and also spread in the Northern hemisphere of the world. They are also rich in vitamin C and other essential ions like potassium, manganese etc. As per the Wikipedia ,the leaves are eaten by the hatchlings of some Lepidoptera species including peach bloom moths.

Mulberry

Botanical name: Morus alba

Family: Moraceae

Type of fruit: Etaerio of drupes

They are widely distributed across Europe, Southern Africa, Brazil and some minor regions of the United States. Woods and used to make match-stick and other timber purposes. They are rich in vitamin K1, vitamin C, and vitamin E.

Custard Apple:

Botanical name: Anona reticulata

Family: Annonaceae

Type of fruit: Etaerio of berries

aggregate fruit examples
Custard Apple Image credit: Pixabay

Almost 150 species of the genus are found over the earth. These trees are distributed across the globe. They are native to South America and West Africa. Due to creamy and velvety texture, they are known as custurd. They promotes good health as helps in digestion, maintains blood pressure and improves immunity.

Sugar Apple:

Botanical name: Anona squamosa

Family: Annonaceae

Type of fruit: Etaerio of berries

Simply, it is an another variety of custard apple but different in taste and colour. These fruits are rich in dietary fibres which keeps your intestine happier and leads the smooth bowel movements. They contain a polyphenol named ‘Epicatechin’ possess anti-inflammatory properties. Fruits are sour-sweet in taste.

Jackfruit:

Botanical name: Artocarpus heterophyllus

Family: Moraceace

Type of fruit: Etaerio of berries

aggregate fruit examples
Jackfruit Image credit: Pixabay

They are native to the western ghats of South India, Indonesia and Malaysia. They are a good source of dietary fibres plus vitamin C and vitamin B6. They also contain ions like calcium, and zinc and have low-calorie content. These trees are mostly used for the purpose to shed some other little crops like coffee, pepper, cardamom etc.

Lotus:

Botanical name: Nelumbo nucifera

Family: Nelumbonaceae

Type of fruit: Etaerio of achenes

Lotus Image credit: Pixabay

They are initially isolated towards the regions of Caspian Sea but then spread throughout the world’s waterbodies mostly slow-flowing river and pond water. They are hydrophytic plants and flowers are light-pink in colour. Also the National Flower of India. Edible part is the root-rhizome, can be sliced and fried. They are highly rich in dietary fibres, globulin, albumin and other essential amino acids.

Rose:

Botanical name: Rosa sp.

Family: Rosaceae

Type of fruit: Etaerio of berry (known as rose-hip)

Rose hips Image credit: Pixabay

Rose hips are present below the corolla section of the flower and having seeds. They are rich in vitamin C, vitamin B5, quercitin and other bioactive compounds.They generally develops after the falling-off of the petals of the flower. They posses anti-oxidants to prevent our body from oxidave stress.

Aconite:

Botanical name: Aconitum variegatum

Family: Ranunculaceae

Type of fruit:  Etaerio of follicles

They are native to Western & Central Europe. Flowers are ornamental. It generally grown near rocky regions and provides a base for pioneer community of ecological individuals. They are useful in improvement of blood circulation but overdosage leads to lethality.

Poppy Anemone:

Botanical name: Anemone narcissiflora

Family: Ranunculaceae

Type of fruit: Etaerio of achenes

aggregate fruit examples
Anemone Image credit: Wikimedia commons

They are also called windflowers. Approx 100 species are found over the planet. These are native to the northern temperate zone and some other regions too. Beautiful and attractive flowers facilitates the process of wind pollination. Also known as ‘blue poppy’.

Blue virgin’s bower:

Botanical name: Clematis jackmanii

Family: Ranunculaceae

Type of fruit: Etaerio of achenes

aggregate fruit examples
Clematis Image credit: Pixabay

Southern Magnolia:

Botanical name: Magnolia grandiflora

Family: Magnoliaceae

Type of fruit: Etaerio of follicles

aggregate fruit examples
Southern Magnolia
Image credit: Pixabay

They are mostly found to United States and some other parts of Texas. These trees are mostly 50 ft long and are evergreen. They are hard to grow in calcareos soil.

Corky debbar tree:

Botanical name: Polyalthia suberosa

Family: Annonaceae

Type of fruit: Etaerio of berries

These are native to tropical Asia, Sri-Lanka and attains the height of 25-30 metres.Flowers are attractive and leads to wind pollination. They used as for the decoration purposes. They contains aporphin, beberin alkaloids and some other bioactive compounds.

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