9 Acid-Base Reaction Example: Detailed Explanations


In this article, we are going to see what are acid base reaction examples with their explanation in detail.

The acids are the chemical species that give proton H+ while bases are the chemical species that accept a proton.

When base and acid undergo chemical reaction gives salt and water as a product of their reaction.

acid base reaction example

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Acid Base Reaction Example

Hydrochloric acid and Sodium hydroxide

Hydrochloric acid is a strong acid. It dissociates completely in an aqueous solution and gives arise to H+ and Cl-. The sodium hydroxide is a strong base, it dissociates in Na+ and OH-. During the course of the reaction Na+ combined with Cl- to form salt NaCl sodium chloride and H+ combined with OH- to form water.

Hydrobromic acid and potassium hydroxide

Hydrobromic acid is a strong acid. It dissociates completely in an aqueous solution and produces H+ and Br-. The potassium hydroxide is a strong base, it dissociates in K+ and OH-. During the course of the reaction K+ combined with Br- to form salt KBr, potassium bromide, and H+ combined with OH- to form water.

Hydrochloric acid and Ammonia

Hydrochloric acid dissociates completely in an aqueous solution and produces H+ and Cl-. It is a strong acid. Ammonia is not a strong base. This reaction does not follow acid-base criteria due to the only formation of salt taking place, not water. Hydrochloric acid and Ammonia react to form Ammonium chloride.

Hydrochloric acid and potassium hydroxide

Hydrochloric acid is a strong acid, that dissociates completely in an aqueous solution and gives arise to H+ and Cl-. The potassium hydroxide is a strong base, it dissociates in K+ and OH-. During the course of the reaction K+ combined with Cl- to form salt KCl potassium chloride and H+ combined with OH- to form water.

Hydrochloric acid and magnesium hydroxide

Being a strong acid, Hydrochloric acid dissociates to form H+ and Cl-. The magnesium hydroxide acts as the base. It dissociates to form Mg+2 magnesium ion and hydroxide ion OH-.  In the reaction, magnesium chloride is formed along with water.

Hydrochloric acid and Ferric oxide

Hydrochloric acid dissociates completely in an aqueous solution and produces H+ and Cl-. It is a strong acid. Ferric oxide dissociates into Fe+3 and hydroxide ion OH-. Ferric chloride is the product given by the reaction of ferric oxide and hydrochloric acid.

Nitric acid and Barium hydroxide

Nitric acid dissociates into H+ and NO3- ions in the aqueous solution. Barium hydroxide dissociates Ba+2 and OH-. During the reaction of nitric acid and barium hydroxide, the barium nitrate is formed as a product.

Phosphoric  acid and Calcium hydroxide

Phosphoric acid is a strong acid. It dissociates in an aqueous solution and produces hydronium H+, PO4– ions. Calcium hydroxide acts as a base, dissociates in an aqueous solution to form Ca+ and OH-. The salt calcium phosphate and water are the results of the reaction.

Sulphuric acid and strontium hydroxide

Sulphuric acid dissociates completely in an aqueous solution and produces H2+ and SO42-. It is a strong acid. Strontium hydroxide is a base. The salt, strontium sulfate is formed with water as a product of the reaction between sulphuric acid and strontium hydroxide.

Hydrochloric acid and strontium hydroxide

Being a strong acid, Hydrochloric acid dissociates to form H+ and Cl-. Strontium hydroxide dissociates to form Sr+ and OH-. H+ and OH- linked to form water as well as strontium ion and chloride ion linked to form strontium chloride.

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Frequently Asked Questions:

Question : What is a strong acid?

Answer : The strong acid is defined as,

The chemical species completely dissociates into an aqueous solution and produces hydronium ion or proton H+. example, sulphuric acid, nitric acid, hydrochloric acid, phosphoric acid etc.

Question : What are the examples of strong bases?

Answer : The examples of strong bases are,

Sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, strontium hydroxide, lithium hydroxide, etc. dissociates completely in an aqueous solution to form hydroxide ion.

Question : What are the examples of weak acids and weak bases?

Answer: The examples of weak acids and weak bases are,

Weak acids: Partially dissociates in an aqueous solution to form protons. Eg. Benzoic acid, formic acid, oxalic acid etc.

Weak bases: Partially dissociates in an aqueous solution to form hydroxide ion. Eg. Ammonia, copper hydroxide, aluminum hydroxide, etc.

Question : What are the reaction of Phosphoric acid and Calcium hydroxide?

Answer: The reaction of Phosphoric acid and Calcium hydroxide,

Phosphoric acid is a strong acid. It dissociates in an aqueous solution and produces hydronium H+, PO4– ions. Calcium hydroxide acts as a base, dissociates in an aqueous solution to form Ca+ and OH-. The salt calcium phosphate and water are the results of the reaction.

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Smruti Bhosale

I am Smruti Bhosale. I am from Mumbai. I have Master's degree in Inorganic chemistry from Guru Nanak Khalsa College, Mumbai. I always have a passion for writing and to inspire as many willing minds through my words. Chemistry is a subject that is used by everyone in their normal lives. I want to explain the subject in the most understandable and simplest way possible. I am a creative, hard working person and passionate about learning new things. I like to read books.

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